Know how to transplant an apple in autumn and how to do itthis is correct, should every self-respecting horticulturist. The fact is that from time to time it is necessary to renew the garden, that is, to cut out old trees, plant new ones and transplant old ones. In this case, apple trees, like all pome fruits, transfer the procedure of transplantation quite well, which allows to considerably expand the garden area if necessary, using their own seedlings.
Objectives of apple tree transplantation
Transplanting apple trees, the gardener pursues severalgoals. First, in this way, it frees up the area of the land for other purposes. Usually it happens in old gardens or on private plots, when there was a need to build or use a garden plot for other purposes.
Secondly, apple-tree transplantation may be necessary andIn the case of a gardener engaged in the cultivation of seedlings for sale. In this case, the site of the garden where the breeding work is conducted is specially allocated. Trees grow up here until a certain age, after which they are dug out and sent for sale.
Thirdly, the trees are transplanted in order togive the overgrown apple tree more room for further development. This happens when a tree grows from a basal tree or it becomes small in the area of the initial planting. As a result, the apple tree begins to grow at a new location and the amount of harvest obtained from one tree is significantly increased.
In any case, a gardener should know how totransplant the apple tree to another place, and be able to do this, because this operation is quite complicated, especially if the tree is already grown. The fact is that when you dig a seedling or an adult trunk, you do not need to damage its root system, otherwise the tree will not take root in a new place. In addition, the transportation of the dug apple tree also has its own nuances, which can subsequently affect the development of the tree in a new location.
Timing for transplantation
Many gardeners who needed to movetrees to a new place, are wondering whether it is possible to transplant the apple tree in June? Reply to it can be as follows: the timing of such an operation as a transplant of trees, it is necessary to select with the calculation that the trees could settle down in a new place in the period of sap flow. In this case, there is more chance that the plant will take root and develop well in a new place.
As a general rule, a transplant is requiredproduce in the spring or fall. The fact is that in the spring sometimes warm weather is established, and you can have time to put a new apple tree in a new place until the kidneys begin to develop. In autumn such work is carried out before the process of falling leaves begins.
If you need to transplant an apple tree seedlingin the area in the north, then adhere to the period from late April to mid-September. The fact is that at that time no frosts are recorded at night, and the planted plant can successfully settle down, and this requires at least a month.
Young gardeners, asking experienced colleagues aboutwhen it is better to transplant the apple tree, sometimes they are very surprised by the fact that the adult apple tree can be transplanted in winter if necessary. At the same temperature on the street should be about zero. If it is lower, it is better not to transplant. In addition, in the special literature describing how to transplant the apple tree in the fall, it is stated that in the dry autumn this is strictly not recommended, since in conditions of lack of moisture it simply does not get accustomed.
Preparation and transportation of seedlings
If you do not know how to transplant the apple tree, youIt is worth exploring the subtleties of this process in advance. So, special attention in transplantation should be given to two points: the preparation of the seedling and its transportation. The following tools and consumables are used for the operation:
In addition, if you know how to transplantadult apple tree, this does not mean that you can correctly transplant the young seedling, so it makes sense to involve in this case to participate in the transplantation process of an experienced gardener who will tell you all the subtleties of the process.
Before starting work, it is initially estimatedthe state of the root system of your apple tree. This work is carried out in order to later remove all damaged or decaying roots using a pruner or a garden saw. In this case, if during the transplantation you remove too many such roots, it will be necessary to allow the tree to settle for a couple of days in a container with water.
Literature describing how to transplant an apple treecorrectly and maximally non-traumatic for the tree, recommends digging the future seedling so that there is a clod of roots on the roots. Together with it the tree is transferred to a new place of growth. In order to dig a seedling with a clod of earth, you will need to focus on the size of the crown, as usually the root system corresponds to it.
If in the process of digging it turns out that the rootstoo long, they can be chopped with a garden shovel or cut with a pruner. In addition, to save the land on the roots, before digging out the seedling should be well watered. This, by the way, will give the tree extra strength, which will be useful to him during transportation and when he gets in a new place.
After deciding on how to transplant the apple tree in the summer,it will be possible to proceed to the immediate digging of the seedling. To do this, make a dig at the possible depth of growth of the roots of the tree. Further an earthen lump with a root will need to be poked with pitchforks. In this case, do not use physical force and roughly pull the tree out of the ground. It is best to dig it up further, in order to be able to transplant the seedling in a nearby piece of burlap or film.
Next comes the transportation phase. If you want to move the apple tree a short distance, it can be done with the same sacking. In the event that the seedling has to be moved to longer distances, it is necessary to firmly fix its roots so that they do not break during transport. Small trees are placed directly in roots in a bag that is tightened tightly. In this case, any layer of protective material or sawdust can be used as an additional protection against mechanical damage.
Planting a tree in a new place
After deciding on how to transplant the apple treein the spring, and a seedling is cut out, it will be necessary to begin the process of planting it in a new place. For this, first of all, it will be necessary to prepare a landing pit. It is dug out in advance, if you know how to transplant the apple tree in the fall, you will have to dig such a hole a few weeks before planting the seedling. If the planting is planned for the spring, the pit is digested in autumn and left for the winter.
For this, it will be necessary to remove the top layer of the soil andRemove it to the side, while the edges of the pit must be vertical. The depth of such a hole depends entirely on how old the apple is, and also on the degree of development of the root system. Usually the size of such a root system is about 0.5 meters, since the apple tree has not too long roots.
As for the width, it will need to be selectedbased on the size of the crown, plus another 20-30 cm. After the pit is dug, its bottom is loosened with a bayonet-shovel. At the same time, it will be best to choose a site with soft soil for planting, since in an arid ground the apple tree will be very difficult to take root.
In the event that you move the landing to anotherplace with soft soil is not possible, it will be necessary to fill the bottom of the pit with broken brick, pebbles or expanded clay. Next, you need to fill up fertilizer, namely pour 10 kg of compost, which is mixed with sand. Above put phosphate fertilizer and ash. After this, the pit is filled to half with chernozem and poured into several buckets of water.
After preparing the pit, they begin to plant the tree. For this, in the middle of the pit it will be necessary to drive a peg and plant a seedling from the north side of it. It is best to transplant a tree together, as it will be necessary to spread the roots simultaneously so that they lie on top of the nutrient layer created on the bottom of the pit, and keep the apple tree in a vertical state.
In the pit, a seedling is established with such a calculation,so that the root neck protrudes from it for 5-10 cm. Next, the pit is covered with soil, and with the first shots it will be necessary to shake it a little. After the transplantation is completed, the planted apple tree should be watered once a week.
Subtlety of transplanting fruit trees
When transplanting an apple tree, it is necessaryadhere to some rules. For example, trees that are 15 years of age or older, and those with a broken trunk can not be planted in a new place. It is not worth pursuing the oversized seedlings, as they will have to shorten the roots, which means that they will not survive.
It should be remembered that when apple trees are transplanted in autumnit will be necessary to cut off all the leaves from the tree, and also cover the seedling after planting with cover material from the cold. This will allow the tree to easily overwinter and easily settle down in a new place in the spring. For the same reason, it is impossible to violate the terms of transplantation. If you are late, this procedure will be more reasonable to be moved to another time of the year.
Another rule is that,as a tree will be transplanted to a new location, it will be necessary in the first year to cut off its crown. This is due to the fact that a tree (especially a young one) can actively grow, and this process needs to be regulated.
Properly transplanted fruit treesfruitfully affects their development, allows the development of the root system and the crown, which in the future will give a very significant increase in yield. Therefore, do not be afraid to spend periodically in your garden this procedure, as it will pay off in the long term.