Maranta is a perennial plant with straight orcreeping shoots, numbering about 25 species. It got its name from a Venetian doctor who lived in the 16th century - Bartolomeo Maranta. In its homeland, Central and South America, the flower grows in the humid tropical jungle or in the swampy terrain. Maranta, care of which at home is very complicated, does not take root well in our climatic zone.
The root system of the plant is tuberousshape, and leaves require special attention. Each variety of maranta has its own color of the vegetative part, the shades of which vary from dark green to beige. On their monophonic surface, veins are clearly distinguished, and in form they can be:
Proper care for the muranga bushes
For many beginner gardeners to grow thisthe plant is quite difficult, since care of the arrowroot is very special. Its characteristic feature is a non-standard reaction to light. If the room is not sufficiently illuminated, the leaves of the arrowroot will rise vertically and close, forming a "fist".
Under the fluorescent lamp, the leaves return tohorizontal position and will open. For this behavior, the murrant was nicknamed a "prayer plant". Despite the fact that the plant likes bright light, direct sunlight is perceived negatively, and in some cases even contraindicated.
Marantha belongs to the heat-loving plants. The optimum temperature for it is between 20-25 degrees in summer and around 18 in winter. The plant does not like drafts or when it has "cold feet", so the pot holder should always be warm.
For healthy growth care for the arrowrock should bethe best, because it is very important for the temperature of the soil, which should not be below 18 degrees. This distinguishes the flower from most other plants, which in winter prefer to grow in cold ground. On the sill of the heated room the flower will feel excellent.
Maranta, care at home is notlimited to irrigation and fertilizer, because it is necessary still, and crop the plant, forming the right bush, which will become a wonderful decoration of your window. Cut the cuttings carefully, leaving a knob-knot, which then grows with new leaves. The separated part of the bush should be placed in a reservoir of water, and when the roots appear, it can be transplanted into the open ground.
If the leaves of the arrow suddenly stretched out andbegan to turn yellow, turning a magnificent plant into an ugly bush, it is necessary to cut the entire vegetative part under the root. Now we move the pot to the darker place and do not forget about regular watering. New leaves will appear about a month, and maybe even one and a half, but they will be bigger and prettier than before.
We water the arrowhead correctly
Regular watering the plant is not needed. To determine when water is needed, it is worth looking at the condition of the soil. Naturally, in summer the earth dries out faster, so the flower is needed more often. Particularly fond of moisture is the three-color muranite.
With the arrival of colds it is necessary to limitthe amount of moisture, and the frequency of watering is reduced to 2 times a week. Watering can be alternated with spraying, which is so much like a marante. The plant likes soft water, so do not use a tap water immediately, but leave it for 24 hours. Boiled or melted water, too, will "taste" the flower.
Marantha is very demanding on the state of air,so its humidity must always be maintained at a high level. For these purposes, we will need moss or moistened expanded clay, which is poured on a pallet, and a pot is placed on top.
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If there is dry air around the flower, you can helpplant, having bathed it. When you do this, the soil must be covered with any moisture-proof material, so that the excess moisture does not lead to putrefactive processes.
It is often not necessary to apply fertilizer, but once in 2weeks will be enough. Duration of fertilizing - from the beginning of spring and until the end of autumn. As fertilizers, it is recommended to use ready-made mixtures from the store, which must be properly prepared before application to the soil. One gram of the purchased mixture is bred in a liter of warm water and we water the plants with this solution.
The transplantation of the arrowroot
Transplant the plant every two years, but it should be done in the spring. The new pot should be slightly larger than the previous one, but the depth of its special role does not play.
The root system of the arrowroot is arranged in such a way,that even with complete removal of the vegetative part the plant will survive, and in the course of time new shoots will appear. This viability has repeatedly saved the plant from extinction, and especially this property is the tri-color truncheon.
Before transplanting, it is necessary to remove old orinfected with leaves, making sanitary pruning. At the bottom of the deep pot you need to lay a drainage layer for which charcoal, expanded clay, broken brick or coarse-grained sand can be used. The substrate can be made by taking:
3 parts of the land mixed with humus.
2 parts of peat.
1 part of sand.
a little wood bark or ash, which will give the soil a lightness.
There are many ways in whichIt is possible to reproduce the arrowroot at home, but cuttings still remain the most effective. For this it is necessary to simply separate the stem cuttings from the main plant with the help of garden shears and plant them in the open ground, without forgetting to cover up with a transparent hermetic vessel. A glass jar is perfect for these purposes.
To increase the efficiency of the process, cuttings with a "knee" should be selected. This is the place where the shoot is attached to the stem. When you cut the stem, do not forget to retreat from the knee by 2 cm.
If you have properly separated the planting material,then you can immediately put it in a container of water, and after a certain time (about a month or one and a half), when the root system develops quite well, you can transplant them into a light peat soil. So you can propagate almost all kinds of arrowroot.
Reproduction of the arrowhead must not be limitedcutting only one cuttings, because the rooting takes a long time and hard. Before the appearance of roots, the humidity of the air in the room with these plants should be at the maximum level.
Division of the bush
The easiest way to breed is to divide the bushwhen transplantation, but not all kinds of arrowroot can do so. For these purposes, we will need to break the root lump into several parts, leaving on each of them several leaves and a pair of rootlets.
Blossoming of the arrowroot
All summer the plant grows new inflorescences, butbeauty blooming flowers are not very different. They consist of small light pink, white or light yellow flowers collected in the ear. At home, the plant is especially difficult to make blossom, so if you succeed, consider it a small victory.
Diseases and pests
There are no specific diseases in Marantano. Excess moisture and poor conditions can lead to the appearance of a brown patch on the leaves. These same factors can provoke decay of the root system. To eliminate such a disease, it is necessary to trim the affected areas, to treat the whole plant with potassium permanganate dissolved in water and, after removing it from an old pot, to transplant it into a new one.
The leaves of the arrowroot can dry up and curl because of too dry air in the room. To restore the old type of plants in most cases it is enough to make mineral fertilizers.
If the leaves of the arrowroot begin to twist andcovered with gray spots, the reason for this behavior of the plant is a lack of moisture. Do not forget to water the plant and keep the soil slightly moisturized all the time.
The stem began to rot and fade due to excess moistureor low air temperature. To protect the plant from the development of the disease, it is necessary to transplant it, having previously cleansed the decayed parts. Continue to follow the temperature. You can see a photo of the earrings grown at home at the end of the article.
If the plant becomes pale, then it speaks oftoo bright lighting or it can be a burn from direct sunlight. To avoid further loss of color, it is worthwhile to transfer the plant to a less illuminated place.