The duration of flowering osteospermum makesit is in demand not only in the design of flower beds and flower beds. Compact multicolored bushes are ideal for decoration of balconies, small gardens at entrances, for suspended flowerpots and even for indoor landscaping. He came to us from the African countries, having long been very popular in European countries. Growing and caring for osteoporum do not make much difficulty, and flowering continues from June to the most frost.
Types of osteosperm
Before you start growing osteospermuma, you should determine its varieties. After all, some of them grow up to a meter in height, which may not be suitable for a certain place of their landing.
The most common species is Eklon orCape daisy. A very neat, compact plant, the height of the stems is from 30 to 100 cm, depending on the variety. This southern perennial is afraid of winter frosts, because in the middle belt it is grown as an annual. Some growers manage to dig a plant before freezing, store in a cool room with moderate watering, in order to drop it on the flower bed in the spring. The plant tolerates this procedure well, it quickly rebuilds after transshipment into open ground and already starting in June it starts to delight with beautiful chamomile flowers.
The most popular varieties of osteospermum (photo):
With white petals - "Heaven and Ice", "Silver Sparkler";
Yellow flowers - "Zulu", "Buttermilk";
Multicolored - lilac-pink "Volta", purple-pink "Congo", lemon "Cream of the symphony" with a purple strip;
Varieties with relief petals, which include varieties "Pink Lace", "Gnome Salmon";
Low-grown varieties suitable for growing in pots and pots, ornaments of balconies and windows, from the series of Pashn grow up to 30 cm, have all shades of pink with a rich blue center;
They are distinguished by a large color range of Sunny, Cap Daisy, growing to half a meter.
Today, breeders brought out a new kind of flowers,osteospermum pleasing (photo), the distinctive feature of which is the change in the color of the petals from white to purple as the flower blossoms. The back of the petals is always darker than the top. The flowering period of each flower is 10-15 days, after which its color gradually becomes lighter and it wilts. It is more difficult to grow than the Cape daisy, due to some breeding features. These include varieties "Pakhta", "Bengal fire", "Lady Leitrim". It is an evergreen plant that can carry winter in warm regions under cover.
Sometimes, short stature osteospermum is confused withdimorphoteca. They are very similar in appearance, bloom to frost, love the sun and heat. But the osteospermum is long-term, in cold winters the vase with it can be taken to the premises and in spring it can be transplanted into the open ground, and the dimorphoteca is annual and not subject to winter storage.
Osteospermum multiplies with cuttings or seeds.
This method can only be used in thatthe case when it is necessary to grow up some specific, very like variety, or there was a desire to do breeding. After grown from seeds osteospermum can not completely copy the external characteristics of the mother.
Selection of cuttings to be carried out in January-February,neatly cutting off the tops of the uterine plant. These sprouts should be kept in water for at least a month before root formation. Room temperature, most suitable for rooting, +20 degrees Celsius. The land for planting sprouts must be loose, consist of equal parts of humus, sand and soil, in which they will grow in the summer, watering the temperate.
Cultivation of osteosperm from seeds is verysimple and rather productive way of obtaining young plants. Seeds of osteospermum are fairly large, differ in good germination. To get the first flowering in June, it should be sown in March. The root system of the plant is very sensitive to transplantation, therefore it is better to place the seeds in peat tablets or several pieces into individual cups, which does not require picks.
In the moistened soil, fill the seeds withhalf a centimeter, sprinkle a thin layer of earth from above. Seal with seedlings cover with glass or a film, put in a warm, well-lit place. You can place on the windowsill, removing it from each airing. At a temperature of 18-20 degrees and moderate watering, the first shoots will appear after 7-8 days.
Despite the fact that the plant is prettycold-resistant, its shoots must be tempered in the open air immediately after the appearance of the first leaves, increasing the duration of the air baths each day. You can open the window for several minutes every day, making sure that there is not a strong draft.
Landing in open ground grown from cuttingsor plant seeds should be carried out in the second half of May, when the threat of nocturnal frost disappears. For landing, you must choose a well-lit warm place. The distance between the bushes depends on the variety and the expected branching, but not less than 30 cm. By the middle of June, the first flowers will appear on the seedlings. You can sow the osteospermum directly into the open ground in early May. But in this case, it will bloom much later than the seedlings.
Features of cultivation and care of osteospermum
For the cultivation of osteospermum,pick up a sunny place with loose, fertile soil. In the shade or penumbra its magnificent flowers may not open. Groundwater should not be placed too close to the surface, otherwise the root system of the plant will quickly rot, which will lead to death.
An ingrained osteospermum easily transportshigh temperature and a short absence of watering, will feel quite comfortable at a temperature of -5. It is enough only to periodically feed it during budding and flowering, and sometimes watered in a particularly dry summer. Faded inflorescences for a long time do not leave the stems, therefore, to maintain the decorative they must be removed manually.
For continuous and abundant flowering underosteospermum should be weekly applied fertilizer, alternating mineral with organic. Periodically rapidly growing bushes, especially in tall varieties, should be pinched to provoke their additional branching. At very high summer temperatures, the plant can "hibernate", stopping flowering and laying new buds. In August, when the heat decreases slightly, it makes up for lost time, actively forming buds.
Winterized in the house osteospermumneeds a period of rest. And no matter how great the temptation to prolong the summer on the windowsill, it is necessary to create the proper conditions for it to hibernate from December to March. Pot with the plant should be placed in a cool, but not cold room, isolating from light, limiting watering to a minimum. The most suitable temperature is + 15-17 degrees.
Pests and diseases
Osteospermum is not susceptible to disease, it is stableto attack pests. But planting it in the penumbra or regularly subjecting to overflows can provoke weakening of immunity, which will lead to the withering and deformation of the sprouts from the attack of aphids.