Yarrow: useful properties and contraindications

Yarrow common - simple in appearancea plant that hides many positive qualities. Yarrow is an herb whose beneficial properties have an effect on bile secretion, blood quality and body resistance. The healing properties of the yarrow make this plant an indispensable assistant in the fight against many ailments. This plant can be purchased at the pharmacy or procured independently.

Yarrow plant

The plant has an erect stem, a height of 1.2m. Its hard shoots are clearly visible due to the prominent shape. The leaves are gray-green in color, resemble stems. This is due to the fact that they are closely planted on the stem. Each leaf blade is divided into small double branches. Leaves are:

  • sedentary;
  • pubescent;
  • small.

  • Yarrow has an erect stem, 1.2 m high

    At the top of each stem is a rosette of smallflowers. This part of the plant is of special interest in harvesting herbal collection. Each inflorescence is planted on several thick legs. Yarrow flower has several colors:

  • white;
  • grayish-yellow;
  • pale pink.
  • The root system of the flower is powerful, it does not allowit is easy to remove it. This type of structure is characteristic of Compositae. The rhizome consists of a stem and an adjacent fibrous corolla of small roots. The main nutrition of the plant is provided by these lateral processes.

    The root system of the flower is powerful, not allowing it to be easily removed

    The scope of the collection depends on whichpart of the plant will be used. Yarrow can be divided into three parts. A great benefit can be learned by brewing plant flowers. The stalk contains many useful substances, but it is better to use it for baths or rinsing. Despite the fact that all the properties of the plant are based on the substrate, accumulated from the soil, the root system of interest does not represent.

    Yarrow grows on:

  • open glades;
  • places with well-heated soil;
  • fertile land;
  • places with a close groundwater table;
  • places protected from direct winds.

  • Next to the yarrow, there are many different plants next to each other, as it enriches the soil

    Near the yarrow, there are many differentplants, because it enriches the soil. To perform the collection you will need a volumetric bag or bag, since the flower is large enough. Knowing the timing of flowering will accurately orientate when it's time to start harvesting medicinal herbs.

    The plant is widely distributed in the European part of the Russian Federation. Also it can be found in the territories:

  • Eastern Siberia;
  • Western Siberia;
  • The Far East;
  • Caucasus;
  • Central Asia;
  • Southeast and the Center of Ukraine.

  • Yarrow is widespread in the European part of the Russian Federation

    This characterizes the plant as thermophilic. It does not tolerate wintering in a harsher climate. This is an important factor for those who want to cultivate this plant on their site for medicinal purposes.

    Periods of plant collection

    The yarrow herbs gathers its medicinalforce in the flowering period. The plant begins to bloom abundantly from the beginning of July. The end of this period is at the end of September. At this time, harvesting plants for herbal collections.

    Many phytotherapists note the healing propertiesherbs and yarrow seeds. They can be collected at the end of the first period, the withering color of plants, which falls at the beginning of August. For the preparation of seeds, you must have paper envelopes in which the discolored caps are collected. Before the end of flowering, it is necessary to regularly check the plants for their presence.

    Yarrow can be collected at the end of the first period, the withering color of plants, which falls on the beginning of August

    Flower seeds accumulate in themselves:

  • essential oils;
  • natural acids;
  • a rich set of vitamins of group B and D;
  • complex of amino acids;
  • beta-carotene;
  • 2,3-dihydroflavone.
  • The same substances only in a smaller amountare contained in the stem of the plant. The beginning of the collection begins immediately after the end of flowering - at the end of September. During this period, the substances cease to accumulate in color and remain in the leaves. This continues until frost. Since the root of the value does not represent, the stem is cut 10 cm from the base.

    The beginning of the collection begins immediately after the end of flowering - at the end of September

    Internet community supporters of herbal medicinecontain a large number of reviews about yarrow. Since the properties of the plant are aimed at eliminating various problems, most prefer to solve them in a non-drug way.

    Among reports on the conducted therapy there aremention of side effects. This is due to overdose and personal susceptibility to plant components. Any product of plant origin has a wide range of substances.

    For this reason, before starting treatment, it is necessary to consult a doctor.

    Before you start yarrow treatment, you need to consult a doctor

    It must be remembered that the plant has several phases of accumulation of substances:

  • the beginning of flowering (July);
  • extinction of flowering (end of August);
  • cessation of flowering (end of September);
  • phase before the onset of cold weather (mid October - early November).
  • The material collected during these periods has the maximum concentration of nutrients. Broths and tinctures must be taken with great care, avoiding an overdose.

    To preserve the beneficial properties of yarrow, you must observe special storage rules

    Yarrow storage

    To preserve the beneficial properties of yarrow,special storage rules must be observed. In this case, the storage methods and conditions are different for each part of the harvested plant. This is due to many factors:

  • external covers of a part of a plant;
  • structure density;
  • water content;
  • type of desiccation.

  • Yarrow has a dense stem

    Photo yarrow show that the plant has a dense stem. In addition to leathery covers, it has a wax coating. In the thickness of this waxy layer, there are pores through which moisture is released.

    All the water collected in the stem is connectedgel-like compound. Since this prevents rapid desiccation, illiterate storage will lead to tissue destruction and rotting of the stems. This problem is inherent in many steppe and forest-steppe species.

    To store stems and remove unnecessary moisture you will need:

  • Press form;
  • wrapping;
  • old newspapers (large number);
  • sealing rope.
  • The mold consists of two frames, on which a fine mesh net is stretched. On the diagonal fixed dense band or belt.

    Each stem is cleaned from brown anddamaged leaves. In folded in half a sheet of wrapping paper is laid out the plant so that one layer is obtained. Between each envelope, 2-3 newspapers are laid. The whole pile is tied cross-wise with a sealing rope. In addition, they are placed in a mold, pulled together with rubber bands.

    After two days, the mold is opened. Wet newspapers clean, make new gaskets from layers of paper. This is done until the newspapers are dry. Dried stems to grind, store in a tin box or a paper envelope.

    Keep the yarrow in the mold

    The flowers are dried in a different way. Because they have a delicate structure, moisture is removed quickly enough.

    The main requirement for drying the flower mass - the storage room should be:

  • dry;
  • semi-dark;
  • ventilated;
  • without dust.
  • To dry the flowers you need grids,preferably hanging. They can be made from a plywood frame and gauze or knock off the slats and pull over a fine mesh net. Divide the flower mass by removing the thick pedicels. Lay out a thin layer. Periodically turn over and stir the thickness of flowers. Store in tight paper envelopes or glass jars.

    Medicinal properties of yarrow

    The healing properties of the yarrow affect manyaspects of human health, each of which affects a particular area, the deterioration of which can lead to pathological changes. For this reason, yarrow extract is a part of most drugs.

    Blood clotting is an important indicatornormally occurring processes of hematopoiesis and vascular function. Thanks to the content of alkaloids, the leaves of the yarrow affect the increase of this index.

    Due to the content of alkaloids, the leaves of the yarrow affect the improvement of blood coagulability

    Leaves and stems yarrow contain:

  • Achillein - responsible for clotting of blood;
  • acetic acid;
  • formic acid;
  • phytoncides;
  • iroazulen;
  • resins;
  • cineole;
  • essential oils;
  • esters;
  • vitamin C and K;
  • carcophyllene;
  • isovaleric acids;
  • alcohols;
  • mineral salts;
  • binding compounds;
  • bitter substances.

  • Yarrow is used to treat colitis

    In the floral part of these substances is many times more. The main components of colors are:

  • essential oils;
  • binding compounds;
  • phytoncides;
  • esters.
  • Yarrow affects the production and distribution of bile and, due to the astringent effect, coagulability. Many cholagogue preparations include an extract of yarrow flowers.

    Yarrow is useful in peptic ulcers

    The therapeutic properties of the yarrow are associated with its haemostatic effect and the ability to interfere with the development of pathological formations. Most often, the extract is prescribed for:

  • metropathy;
  • pulmonary haemorrhage;
  • uterine bleeding;
  • fibromyoma;
  • inflammatory processes;
  • local bleeding;
  • hemorrhoidal hemorrhages;
  • peptic ulcer disease;
  • colitis;
  • inflammation of the urinary tract.

  • Decoctions and tinctures of yarrow can be used in most diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, circulatory system and problems with the gallbladder

    Thus, decoctions and tinctures fromYarrow can be used in most diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, circulatory system and problems with the gallbladder. Particularly important is the carotene contained in the plant, which has an anti-inflammatory effect. Therefore, yarrow extract is often used in various forms of pancreatitis.

    Yarrow: useful properties and contraindications

    As with any phyto-drug, contraindications toThe use of yarrow is associated with the dosage of this plant. Many potent herbal preparations have toxic properties. Yarrow is no exception, since it contains a large number of esters and acids.

    In case of an overdose of yarrow, a skin rash appears

    When an overdose occurs:

  • skin rashes;
  • dryness of mucous membranes;
  • dizziness;
  • diarrhea;
  • pain in the liver;
  • copious secretion of bile;
  • pain in the gastrointestinal tract;
  • gases.
  • It is necessary to observe the exact dosage, which is written individually to each patient. The duration of admission can be influenced by the stage of the disease.

    Dizziness is a side effect of using yarrow

    To some people, yarrow is strictly contraindicated. Such cases include:

  • individual intolerance;
  • increased acidity of gastritis;
  • breast-feeding;
  • pregnancy;
  • increased or decreased coagulability of blood;
  • food allergy;
  • thrombus formation.
  • In the period of increased lactation, when a womanbreastfeeding, alkaloids can accumulate in the milk substrate. Since their effects remain unclear until the end, they are not recommended for getting into a young, fragile body.

    When breastfeeding is contraindicated to use yarrow

    Some substances contained in grass,can provoke heartburn. This is contraindicated in the sensitivity of the gastrointestinal tract, increased acidity and irritability of the walls of the stomach, intestines. If such symptoms are observed, take yarrow is strictly prohibited, otherwise a peptic ulcer can form. Yarrow is also contraindicated in people who have suffered jaundice.

    Before using the product, it is necessaryconsult a doctor. In this case, it is worth giving blood for personal intolerance to substances contained in the yarrow. This will help establish the recommended dosage, the frequency of admission, the duration of therapy. According to the results of the research it will be clear which form of the drug will be most effective.