Agriculture is a branch of the national economy that provides the population and industry with various food products and raw materials. Agriculture is regulated by the relevant regulatory enactments, which are improved over time.
Problems of agriculture
For reasons that hinder the activities of farmers, we can include climatic, human and financial factors. Only 30% of the territory of the country allows construction various agricultural facilities and conduct of personal part-time farming, devoid of any risks. At the crop, the adverse effect of climate affects approximately every three years.
As for financing, the support of agrarians in Russia is much less pronounced than in European countries. In addition, the allocated money is not always used effectively.
At the harvest, the adverse effects of climate are affected approximately every three years
Another problem is the deficit of agriculturalmachines. Technology, as a rule, has low productivity, which is why domestic farmers are deprived of the opportunity to compete with their Western counterparts on an equal footing. This problem also results from inadequate funding.
Finally, the human factor. This is a matter of knowledge, skills and aspirations to improve production efficiency. Unfortunately, not all managers are interested in this issue.
Most of the problems in agriculture are solved by creating favorable conditions for agribusiness.
What should be the economy of man?
The main activity of any agricultural organization is the production or processing of agricultural products for the purpose of its subsequent implementation.
Another problem is the shortage of agricultural machinery
There are certain forms in which it is permissiblemanagement of agricultural economy. The ability to conduct agricultural activities are legal entities, individual entrepreneurs and ordinary citizens.
Citizens, including foreigners, are entitled to engage in conduct of personal part-time farming. Usually it's relatives, leading a common household. It is a special formeconomic and labor activity, the ultimate goal of which is the production of agricultural products. This form of activity should not be considered a kind of entrepreneurship, because produced or processed products usually find use only to meet the consumer needs of owners. However, products manufactured in a personal farm can be put up for sale.
Housekeeping it becomes possible only on the plots of land,being objects of possession of citizens. In these territories, various structures can be located, as well as property objects, the placement of which is not prohibited by law.
The economic book of the rural executive body records data on the construction of the site and the management of the farm itself.
Rights of citizens
Citizens are given the opportunity to buildEconomic buildings, the construction of which is a necessary condition for the implementation of agrarian activities. Individuals can enter into any transactions related directly to the management of the economy, if they do not conflict with the law. In addition, citizens have grounds to rely on the support of the state, the amounts of which are established by law.
The land and civil codes regulate the rules for the circulation of plots
The forms of state aid include:
development of service infrastructure, creation of various cooperatives (serving, trading);
mediation in the development of personal subsidiary plots by creating beneficial social, economic, legal conditions for the implementation of this type of activity;
carrying out the necessary veterinary measures (examination, vaccination, treatment of farm animals).
The legislation establishes the largestthe area of the land plot that may belong to citizens owning a personal economy. It is 0.5 hectares. If a person has several sites, then their total area should not exceed 2.5 hectares.
The land and civil codes regulate the rules for the circulation of plots.
The citizens are given the opportunity to build outbuildings
State bodies are deprived of the opportunity to interfere in the activities of persons carrying out personal management, with the exception of cases provided for by law.
Based on their authority, the executive state bodies monitor compliance with legislative requirements by citizens engaged in agricultural activities.
Loss of ownership of a site is the main reason for termination conducting of personal part-time farming.