You became the owner of a beautiful fashion coat. Of course, you will try to wear it very neatly, to brag about the fashionable new thing for a long time. But after each season you still have to bring your coat in order. And not always this problem can be solved by simple washing - some tissues are strictly counter-indicative.
With the most common pollution, it is quite possible to fight every housewife
And every wash will shorten the life of your coat for at least a year. To avoid this, let's try to consider in more detail how to clean the coat yourself, without resorting to the help of dry cleaners. How to do it with the maximum result and do not damage the tissues, especially natural ones.
Uniform recommendations for the care of different tissues can not be
Of course, there can not be single recommendations, because the stains are different and the tissues are different. But with the most common pollution, it is quite possible to fight every housewife.
Each wash will shorten the life of the coat for at least a year
We estimate the scale of the "catastrophe"
To begin with, we just hang the coat on the hangers andwe will carefully examine it from different angles of illumination. Only in this way can we detect all the spots and understand whether it will be enough to just work with a brush. It is necessary to deal with individual spots, perhaps serious work is ahead. Carefully inspect those places that are contaminated in the first place: collar, sleeves, pockets valves. Most likely, spots, divorces and pellets will be concentrated there.
It is necessary to pay special attention to the collar, sleeves, pockets valves
Then study the label. Manufacturers always point to them the composition of the fabric and give general advice on care, including - and how to clean the coat of dirt.
Manufacturers always point to the labels of the fabric composition and give general advice on care
Important! It's easiest to care for mixed fabrics, synthetics allows you to use serious tools and methods. But the natural fibers of wool, cotton or linen need a delicate approach.
It is very important to follow the recommendations for water temperature
Pay special attention to the recommendations onthe temperature of the water (if washing in the machine is allowed), how to dry and how to iron the product. Follow the instructions on the label, then presentable look of the coat will save a long time.
If the label does not contain any specific instructions, it is only permissible to wash it if the wool in the fabric is less than 70%
Although modern coats are diverse in fabrics and styles, there are general rules on how to clean a coat at home:
if the label does not contain any specific instructions, it is permissible to wash only if the wool in the fabric is less than 70% (in delicate mode);
The fur trim should dry naturally, without a hairdryer or radiator;
The detergent is preliminarily tasted on a small portion of the fabric from the inside;
spots are removed from the edge to the center;
Before cleaning, a soft cloth (towel) is placed under the soiled area to get rid of excess moisture;
iron the coat after cleaning, starting with the sleeves, then the shoulders and before, at the very end, the collar and lapels are put in order;
if the fabric has pile, you need to iron in its direction.
Flattening the coat after cleaning, starting with the sleeves, then the shoulders and before, at the very end, the collar and lapels are put in order
Let's start cleaning
Let's consider in detail the process of cleaning a coat from specific types of fabric. First, a few tips for caring for natural fiber products.
Drape coat is afraid of washing and is prone to shrinkage
Drape - dense and heavy fabric of wool, hasa lot of advantages: it does not crumple, it does not fade, it does not shed. But this drape coat is afraid of washing and is prone to shrinkage. It is only allowed to wash manually at a temperature of no higher than 30 ° C and only as a last resort. For a start tip, how to clear a drape coat from dust. It is enough to walk gently with a hard brush in the direction of the nap. If there is a lot of dust, arm yourself with rye bread. After spreading your coat on the floor, crumble the bread crumb. Then use the palm of your hand to roll it into the balls together with the dust that spoils the look of your coat. Then you can simply shake the spools with a brush. The spots are removed with a mild detergent diluted in water. This is a universal technique when it is necessary to clean a woolen coat - drape or tweed. Moisten the stain, allow the medium to act and remove the detergent with a clean damp sponge. Do not forget to dry after this product, hanging on the shoulders in a ventilated room.
Elastic tweed wash is not recommended at all
Elastic tweed wash is generally not recommended. From a dust the tweed coat will be rescued by a vacuum cleaner. Sometimes it is enough to dry the dirt, and then to vacuum the contaminated area. But if the dirt is already eaten, you can do the same manipulations as with a drape, moisten with a cleaning agent and brush it. If there is a need, then the problem of how to clear coats of spools, is solved using a special machine. Is not it always at hand? Use scotch tape or a special adhesive roller. It will easily collect almost all the pellets, villi and dust. A sticky roller is generally convenient for rapid cleaning, because with it there will not even be a problem how to clean the coat from the coat of pets. Just do not forget to periodically change the adhesive roller to a new one.
Some types of cashmere can be washed in a typewriter, but without pressing and drying
Cashmere is more delicate, because it is madefrom the finest fluff of mountain goats. This tissue is very sensitive to any effect. Therefore, it is worth paying special attention to how to clean a cashmere coat without damaging the fabric. Dust is removed from it with a soft slightly damp rag. Small grease stains impregnate with gasoline (but not aviation!), Then sprinkle with talcum powder. When the stain dries, you need to brush the remaining particles with a brush. Spots of fatty origin are removed from the side of the underside by laying on the front of a clean cloth. The area of the underarms from sweat is cleaned with soap (alkali) and ammonia. Wipe the area with a stain first with an alkaline solution, then with ammonia, and then clean with a clean damp cloth.
The area of the underarms from sweat is cleaned with soap (alkali) and ammonia
If the nature of the stain is unknown, try the mixtureglycerin and ammonia in equal proportions. Some types of cashmere can be washed in a typewriter, but without pressing and drying. It will be necessary to manually wring out the moisture (not wringing out), to dry it in the unfolded form on a horizontal surface. It can not be suspended so that it does not stretch. To iron cashmere too it is impossible, it is admissible only to process the ferry.
Coats from other woolen fabrics are cleaned by the samereceptions. Blurred or jammed seats (cuffs and pockets) are treated with a mixture of ammonia (1 part) and salt (4 parts). Alcoholic stains are cleaned with vinegar and alcohol in equal proportions.
Alcohol stains are removed with vinegar and alcohol in equal proportions
Important! Skin and suede can not be washed.
Dust is cleaned easily, with a damp cloth. Soap solution will remove small stains and plaque. But how to clean the collar of a coat of leather or suede, let's say it. To do this, take alcohol, glycerin and lemon. After removing dirt with alcohol, treat the collar with lemon juice and grease with glycerin. Zamshu rub only "on the nap." Blurred places on suede are wiped with a solution of milk and soda.
Zamshu rub only "on the nap"
Divorces on the skin destroys table vinegar, andSuede enough to process the school eraser. If there is a need to clean the lining, it can be washed by hand, turning the coat inside out. After cleaning, allow the skin to dry completely, otherwise the product will be deformed. Formed zalomy can be carefully spread over the steam.
Synthetic fabrics can be washed, making it easier to clean
Synthetic fabrics can be washed, which facilitatescleaning. Before washing, dust the brush. The spots are treated with a stain remover. If they are fresh, you can sprinkle with salt, washing it off with a soap solution. Especially persistent stains try to remove the borax solution 10%, then wiping with lemon juice.
Products made of neoprene can be washed on a delicate wash
Today, neoprene products are very fashionable. On such a fabric stains almost do not linger, but if you still stained your coat, stretch it on a delicate regime twice. Dry in a straightened form - stains just will not remain.
If the coat is very light
Such a product is difficult to clean with a largethe amount of water, since there may be a divorce. But if there is a question, how to clear a coat of light tones, - try a dry cleaning with detergent or carpet cleaner. Greasy stains are removed with talc or starch.
Greasy spots on a light coat are removed with talc or starch
Help dry napkins, through which you cangently iron the stain with a hot iron. But the stains of coffee or tea are destroyed with alcohol, thoroughly cleaning then with a slightly damp sponge. Beer or kvass is purified from light fabric with hydrogen peroxide. Well established usual liquid dish remover, diluted in water.
Important! To clear a light coat it is necessary at once, after drying a stain to remove it will be almost impossible.
Beer or kvass is purified from light fabric with hydrogen peroxide
Help of professionals
Sometimes we have to admit that to cope with our ownforces will not work. This is inevitable, if the label says directly: "Only chemical cleaning." Or you absolutely do not represent the nature of the spots and are afraid of aggravating the situation. Snow white coat, too, should first be shown to a specialist. And certainly you will have to admit defeat if you managed to put stains with fuel oil or engine oil.
Sometimes we have to admit that it will not be possible to cope on our own
If you manage to clean the coat yourself, following these recommendations, you can proudly demonstrate an impeccable fashionable outfit that will serve you more than one season.