Seasoning, natural air freshener,antidepressant and just handsome, especially in the flowering period. You did learn about which plant we are talking about? This is rosemary - a favorite of culinary and aesthetes, an amazing Mediterranean guest, settled down with us. And now we are not talking about a bought twig or dried leaves packaged in packages - growing rosemary in an apartment - that's a topic that interests a lot of fans of this plant, who noticed that even in nurseries, rosemary is difficult to find.
Where do you get the planting material and how to grow a quality bush from it?
To begin with, reproduction in the homeonly one type of rosemary is available - medicinal (fragrant). And then - in order to get a self-sufficient plant in a few years, you'll have to work hard.
Growing rosemary in an apartment is an occupation forThose who are not accustomed to give up and know how to correctly implement the theory into practice. Rosemary is a rather spoiled "guy", he loves attention and proper (!) Care. A step to the left, a step to the right of the rules leads to the degeneration of the plant or to the ugly extension of the branches.
Professional gardeners are ideal for rosemary consider the conditions of the winter garden, but if you try, then at home on the window sill the plant will feel very comfortable.
What is comfort?
Since rosemary is an alien from the Mediterranean coast, the main comfort criteria for it are light, moisture and heat.
In summer, keep the pot with rosemary onthe most open to the sun places: for this purpose, and the window sill, but the dislocation of plants on the balcony will be more correct, and in the open space - even more correct.
Rosemary is not necessary to pull out ofpot and transplant to the garden - it, together with the container, is enough to place somewhere in the garden, on the veranda, on the patio, near the flowerbed, so that he receives the necessary portion of light.
Gardeners with experience argue that the more sun gets on the rosemary, the more fragrant it becomes.
In the winter time in the room put the rosemary closer to the window - it can not be without light.
Rosemary develops well in drycalcareous soils, the most suitable of the soils for it is water permeable. Although the climate of the marine subtropics and assumes high air humidity, rosemary can normally tolerate a certain period of drought and it will prove to be much preferable for the plant than the excess moisture and stagnant water in the pot.
Conditions for growing rosemary will be approximateto the ideal in the case of strict compliance with the irrigation regime. Like most southern plants, rosemary "very much" respects the balance - moisture should not be much, but it should be enough.
Pay special attention to the moisture obtained by rosemary in a very arid hot period. If the plant suffers moisture deficiency, it will necessarily inform you about this yellowing of the leaves.
In the case of excess moisture, rosemary can discard leaves.
In winter, rosemary should be taken awayfrom heating batteries, do not allow over-drying of the soil, reduce watering, but make sure that it is not too lean - this can lead to the drying of the root system and the death of the plant.
If we follow the usual logic, then this is the southern onethe plant can be attributed to strange representatives of the flora: when growing rosemary from seeds for the first few days after sowing the container should be kept in a cool room. Some growers manage to stuff boxes into the refrigerator to ensure stratification. A week after three holdings in the cold, rosemary is placed in heat and light, choosing a well-heated, sun-drenched room.
If the "germs" of rosemary feel great at a temperature of 5-6 degrees Celsius, then the adult plant can hardly tolerate + 10.
The warmer the climate, the more luxurious the rosemary bush.
Reproduction methods: which is more effective?
Dilute rosemary at home on the windowsill can be two methods: growing from seeds and cuttings. The second one is more popular among florists because of its simplicity.
To successfully implement the method of propagation, it is necessary to provide ourselves with planting material from the autumn, in October-November cutting off a young shoot about 5 cm long from the developed bush.
Having eliminated the lower tier of leaves, the shoot is placed in a special solution that stimulates growth and at the same time disinfects the site of the cut.
After this simple procedure, escape is necessaryto stick a sandy-peat mixture for rooting. Those gardeners who have an "easy hand" say that the rosemary stalk without problems takes root, being in ordinary water. But this happens not at all and not always, so it is more correct to follow the standard instructions.
In the period of rooting, rosemary is best kept away from direct sunlight - at this time the light can turn out to be aggressive and destructive for the plant.
Young roots you will notice after 2.5-3 weeks, then transplant rosemary into "real" soil.
Seeds. Preparatory stage
The vast majority of growers do not liketo multiply rosemary by sowing seeds, since they do not differ in high germination. In order to raise it for a certain percentage, it is necessary to resort to a number of manipulations during the preparation for sowing:
hold seed for several days in wet gauze;
Do not sprinkle seeds with soil, but simply spread out from above;
constantly moisturize the spray gun;
pierce the covering film in several places for the influx of fresh air.
If the conditions of growing rosemary are sustainedcorrectly, the plant will shoot for 2-4 weeks. It often happens that seedlings do not appear even with maximum attention and care. Then, as they say, our song is good, start over again. True, not many have the patience and desire to repeat.
Cultivation of rosemary from seeds begin in the first spring weeks - March is ideal, April - is allowed.
Choose a spacious container and fill it with loose, fertile soil. If this is the case, prepare a substrate of sand, peat, humus and turf (ratio 1: 1: 1: 2);
moisten the soil and sow the seeds;
container cover with glass or film and place in a cool place (+ 5 0 ... + 60);
after three weeks in the cold, transfer the containers to a warm and bright room;
first shoots wait through the same "magical" three weeks.
The process of growing rosemary from seeds canseem somewhat prolonged because of its "invisibility". The stratification period (almost a month!) Has a great impact on the time of cultivation. But as a result you get a bush or bushes of the same quality as in the case of cuttings.
Here the complexity, rather, is not in the complexity of cultivation, but in anticipation of the result.
The capacity for rosemary should be spacious,since the plant has a very branched root system, which is difficult to develop in cramped conditions. Demanding a lot of space for growth, the rosemary root is also used to "breathe". Therefore, the right flowerpot for the plant will be environmentally friendly with a porous surface - clay or terracotta.
Blooming in the "cold" mode
As mentioned above, rosemary is a paradoxical plant. He is peculiar to the shock of climate change and this shock turns to his advantage - it activates growth and flowering.
Growing rosemary at home is also a complete control over the period of its flowering - you can "nominate" it when you like it.
Temperature + 10 ... + 15, the same, very unlovedrosemary, becomes an excellent stimulus for its flowering. Do you want the plant to please you with lovely inflorescences as quickly as possible? Move the pot with rosemary in a room with a low temperature, while reducing watering and do not cut off the leaves from rosemary.
Rosemary in the open ground
This way of growing a "guest from the south" is not appropriate for the middle band, but it is quite acceptable for the southern regions.
Growing rosemary in the open ground, firstturn, suggests a cozy, windless, sun-open place, which does not get the slightest shadow. Another condition is good drainage, which guarantees the absence of water after watering.
Another optional, but very desirable condition is the mulching of the soil with white river sand.
Inexperienced gardeners often ask what givesmulching the plant. Mulching (covering) the soil, you save it from drying, weathering or cooling. In this particular case, sand performs the function of a heater - it maintains the optimum soil temperature.
Change of "apartment"
To keep rosemary "for many years," it must be transplanted into a new, more spacious, pot every two years.
The root system of the plant is actively developing and after a certain period ceases to fit in the pot - then the rosemary begins to demand the change of "habitation".
In time transplanting the plant, you can save it for 5-6 years or more.
He, of course, is still that capricious, but, in spite oftrouble on care of a plant, cultivation of a rosemary at home does not lose popularity in horticultural circles. He has something to love: only a dizzying aroma will force him to plant this plant.
Rosemary is grown as a spice and as a decorativeplant. As a matter of fact, it is, as they say, two in one, so it perfectly coexists in the neighborhood with the same fragrant basil, parsley, thyme and laurel. They can even be placed in one container - these plants tolerate each other so well.