The Decembrist is a revolutionary in the vegetable world, if only because he has a tendency to violate all traditions and instead of a period of hibernation in winter to arrange a period of magnificent flowering.
To inflorescence was really a lot, that they were large, the Decembrist care at home requires the right and constant.
A standard set of procedures for the care of plantsdoes not differ from the others: water, comply with the temperature range, choose a convenient location. Everything is familiar and usual. But why, with all the efforts of the florist, the Christmas cheer does not please bright "bells" for the holiday? This may mean that the effort was still not applied enough, or the amateur florist lost sight of several important nuances.
Features of care for abundant flowering
Experienced growers, most likely, had time to noticeone property of Christmas-Decembrist: it is very sensitive to temperature and light modes. Therefore, "some" temperature for flowering does not suit him, as well as "any" light.
The Decembrist also has other names: a Christmas tree, a Christmas cactus, a slumberberger, a zigokactus
To achieve an abundance of buds, it is necessary"Outwit" the plant, bringing the conditions of its content closer to its native, tropical-Amazonian. And here most of the growers can make a mistake by creating a too high temperature regime - the plant is southern, moreover, it belongs to the family of cacti! Logically, it should bloom when it's hot.
But no! Christmas - an unusual cactus, perfectly withstanding the temperature range from +20 to +350, it still does not bloom until the microclimate in the room is established on a certain value of the thermometer, and this is from +100 to +230. If the temperature is slightly lower or slightly higher, the flower quirks and refuses to throw out the buds.
The flower is a Decembrist, home care for which is aimed mainly at its flowering, forms buds in a rather cool climate. You can raise the temperature to the usual room temperature when you notice that the buds have acquired a certain shape and volume, and are ready to open.
The Decembrist begins to blossom in the winter, usually in December, whence takes the name
If there is no possibility of temperature changes, keep the plant at + 17 ... + 21 degrees, but at the same time artificially shorten the daylight hours for it.
Observing all the details of care for the Decembrist, you can get from him a "bonus" - two blooms a year.
Attention!Warning! A blossoming Christmas tree can in no case be disturbed by rearranging a flower from place to place, or by touching inflorescences - it can discard flowers.
The most comfortable light is the shadow
And again about logic. It seems that it is completely absent in the conditions that the Decembrist puts forward for his comfortable content. A stranger from the Amazonian forests loves light, but is best in the shadows.
A light day for a Decembrist should not be long, he likes weak diffuse light or partial shade
Nothing strange - tropical plants, changingstatus on the room, perfectly retain "memories" of the natural conditions in which they were born, in which their distant ancestors grew and now their relatives grow up in the wild.
Amazon selva is, above all, an abundancemoisture and scattered sunlight. Therefore, wanting to save your Decembrist in the "pristine" Amazonian form, make sure that he does not fall under the influence of direct light - the rays can burn the plant, make its leaves quill and yellow.
Zigokaktus in nature is a resident of the Amazonian Selva
Great, if the Christmas tree lives on that of the windowsills, where the morning is full of sun, and by the time it leaves, leaving the plant in a comfortable penumbra.
Watering without fanaticism
Not at all mistaken are those who believe that at the forefront of the care of the Decembrist is watering. But not just periodic moistening of the soil, but competent irrigation.
Watering the Christmas tree contains several importantnuances that need to be studied: for example, that, referring to cacti, the plant is not capable of accumulating moisture in reserve, and therefore requires constant maintenance of the soil in a wet state. Overdrying the soil can destroy the flower.
But excessive waterlogging too. Too addicted to watering and create a "tropical swamp" in a flowerpot with a Decembrist is not enough - not only will it refuse to blossom in such "wet" conditions, it can also become infected with a dangerous fungal disease.
Decembrist, care at home (photo inbody of the article), which is the rational approach to all the procedures for keeping the plant, will be grateful for the moderate watering in winter - no more than once a week, and in the rest period and even less often (once a month).
In summer, the flower needs more frequent watering, but also produce it only after the top layer of the soil becomes dry.
Reduce the watering start from August. Autumn is the time of active preparation of the Decembrist for flowering, and the help of a floriculturist during this critical period consists in reducing the flow of moisture and reducing the activity of growth of new green shoots, because of which the plant has very little energy to throw out buds.
Soil that "breathes"
With its underdeveloped root system, the Decembrist prefers to grow in light air and moisture permeable soil.
The substrate for the Decembrist must "breathe", ensuring the flow of oxygen to the roots
Perfect substrate, cookedwith its own hand, consists of sand and compost soil (ratio 1: 2), add to this mixture sawdust, peat and coal (can be activated, in tablets). In such soil, it will feel great not only to have a Christmas tree, but almost all houseplants.
The correct substrate is one of the conditions for taking care of the Decembrist, so that the flower is in joy.
The frequency and amount of fertilizer application directly depends on the composition of the soil and the frequency of watering the Decembrist.
If these two conditions for caring for the plant are met, then the Christmas tree needs to be fed only during budding, in order to give the plant strength for abundant flowering.
Top dressing is done once every ten days, using purchased fertilizers. Which ones? The optimal solution is called a mixture of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and water.
The Decembrist flower is best suited to the newvase, if it is planted in early spring. The period of active development of all living things is best for transplantation or reproduction, but it is not necessary to strictly adhere to it. The flower grower himself chooses the time for the reproduction of his wards zigokaktusa - these plants are able to develop after transplantation in any period, except winter.
There are three mandatory cases in which a Christmas transplant is a necessary procedure:
You can propagate the Decembrist with leaflets, preliminarily place them in water to form roots
To get a couple morehandsome Decembrists, use the possibilities of a plant already on the windowsill. He certainly will have several strong young cuttings, consisting of two or four segments - this is the ready planting material.
Propagation of the Decembrist can be done with the help of the cuttings
Planted cuttings of zygocactus several in one pot
To reproduce the Decembrist cuttings, carefully unscrew them from the parent stem, dry them for 24 hours, and then insert into the peat substrate and provide abundant watering.
With a planned transplant, the plant is updated with soil andvase and transplanted into a new container in its entirety. The rules of this method of transplantation are quite simple: the plant is removed from the old flowerpot, the remains of the soil are washed off and placed in a new container with fresh substrate. Young zigokaktusy transplanted annually, the eldest - every three years. Plants of especially large size disturb the transplantation no more often than once in five years.
Scheduled transplantation Decembrist
A medical transplant is taken whenDecembrist is hopelessly sick and can not save the plant completely. The meaning of the process is to detach the most healthy cuttings from the flower, which are in the remoteness from the place of infection and transplanting them into separate containers - as in breeding.
Attention! Important! When transplanting, follow the important rules: the Decembrist flower develops more actively in nutrient soils with qualitative drainage and in a broad but shallow vase. Transplant the bush at a time when it does not have buds.
Promenade for Christmas
Like any plant, the Decembrist periodically needs to change the situation, so in the summer he needs to make "walks in the fresh air."
In the garden, on the verandah, on the balcony, the Decembrist flower will feel good only if it does not get into a draft, under the rain and under direct exposure to sunlight.
Decembrist should sometimes "walk" in the fresh air
In order for the garden "promenade" to succeed,Decembrist must provide a roof - in the literal sense of the word. A waterproof and shading canopy will help protect the plant from unwanted natural phenomena and keep the flower intact.
What dangers lie in wait for a plant?
Decembrist, care at home for which notcomplies with the rules, is sick. Specialists-flower growers inattentiveness in care determine the root cause of 90% of plant diseases. The first thing you should pay attention to when growing a Christmas tree: is not too dense soil in the pot, whether the plant is not overcooled (does not overheat), is not too much moisture.
Decembrist dries up due to improper care
If these three points of plant care are performed flawlessly, then the Decembrist will remain healthy and strong.
But one should not forget about diseases and pests, but it is better to know the enemy in person. Let's analyze the most common of the diseases.
Phytophthora affects damaged areas of the plant
Phytophthora. It arises from infected soil. Spores of harmful fungi affect the most vulnerable zones of the plant, especially it is easily given to bacteria if the flower has "wounds" - damaged leaves or stems.
Shield. The immobile insect, it is well camouflaged on the plant, hitting the surface of the cuttings. A sign that the Decembrist is infected is the presence of smooth spots of a small size.
The board on the Decembrist often damages the surface of the cuttings
Spider mite. It affects shoots, leaving them with yellow dots or small specks.
Spider mite on the Decembrist
As a "treat" for uninvited guests, use modern insecticides.
If you notice that the flower began to dropleaves, you need to urgently look for the cause of this phenomenon. Most likely, thus, the Decembrist reacts to the discrepancy of the conditions in which he is staying, optimal. Make sure that the room temperature is in the right range and there are no drafts. The cause may be incorrect watering or poor lighting.
Remember! during the heating season the air in the apartmentbecomes dry, so Christmas needs additional water spraying. The above factors also affect flowering, which may simply not start because of too low or high temperature in the room.
We have already said that the Christmas tree is a very unusual plant. To learn more interesting information about it, we suggest that you familiarize yourself with the list of its features.
Christmas can grow to large sizes
He will please you for a long time, because the duration of his life is about 30 years.
Perfectly suitable for decorating a large house and office, as it has the ability to absorb excessive noise.
In literature, other names of Christmas are often found: Latin - epiphyte, as well as botanical - Schlumberger (in honor of the French collector of cacti).
Decembrist - a very capricious plant: it can lose buds just because you have changed his position or relocate to another room.
Some kinds of Christmas tree reach a meter in diameter, and during blooming thousands of bright buds are covered.
Stimulate the emergence of new inflorescences by removing fading foliage and flowers.
The flower requires a timely transplant. It is best to do it once for three years in February, March or April.
Stems can reach a length of up to 60 cm, making the plant look very large and majestic.
Surely many have heard that the Decembrist -a poisonous plant. Yes, it's not rumors, but it has a small amount of poison, which can not affect a healthy person. But people suffering from asthma should think about buying this flower, because it can cause trouble breathing.
It is necessary to remove old stems and flowers
Decembrist - a beautiful and unusual plant,which can bring a little exotics to your home. Proper care is the guarantee of the health and longevity of the flower, so you will have to strictly adhere to all the rules. Naturally, your efforts will not be wasted, and Christmas will please you with abundant flowering with a lot of bright buds.