The homeland of gerbera room is Africa. This plant looks great on any windowsill. Bright and beautiful, it has a huge variety of varieties. Small dimensions and leaves that are easy to clean make it an ideal houseplant.
General information about the gerbera
Gerbera belongs to the family of astroids from the genus of perennial grasses. It is not surprising that it looks very much likeastra. In wild conditions the gerbera grows on the island of Madagascar and in the southern part of the African continent. The plant was first noticed by Europeans in the beginning of the eighteenth century. Dutch botanist Jan Gronowius named the plant in honor of his German colleague, the famous scientist Traugott Gerber; under this name the flower is known to this day.
Gerbera is widely used as a decorative decoration
The plant was already compared with chamomile ora daisy. Gerbera is really externally very similar to the aforementioned plants, since it also belongs to the family of Compositae. Each flower has dense rows of oblong narrow petals of bright color. The plant is not medicinal, however it is widely used as a decorative ornament.
Gerbera is of great economic importance formany countries that export flowers. It is known that in 2008 this culture took the fifth place in the total sales of plants for bouquets. Only such expected contenders, as a rose, a tulip, a chrysanthemum and a carnation, went around it. And this result is not accidental at all. The plant is well standing in a vase and can be displayed in a prominent place for up to three weeks. But for this water in the vase is better to pour a little.
Care of the flower
Grow gerbera on the street in our climateis impossible. For high flowers on bouquets will have to keep a greenhouse. For growing at home, usually choose varieties with a small stalk of a compact type. All sorts of homemade gerberas are conventionally divided into six groups. Of these, for domestic breeding, outside the greenhouse, narrow-fledged small-flowered, narrow-leaved semi-double and double varieties are suitable. The grades of both groups have a maximum height of up to half a meter. The rest are 10-20 centimeters taller.
The most valuable varieties of gerbera have a wide varietyand a bright color palette. On numerous photos of gerberas room at home there are certainly bright beautiful flowers. Under the rules of care for the gerbera, the plant will not fail to demonstrate its luxurious inflorescences.
Gerbera requires a lot of light and heat, as well as sufficient humidity
Caring for a room gerbera at homemust be carried out taking into account where this plant came from. And I must say that due to its southern origin, the flower is rather capricious. As a houseplant, gerbera, as in natural conditions, requires a lot of light and heat, as well as sufficient humidity. In this case, the lighting should be direct sunlight. If it is scattered, it should be bright enough. The soil under the gerbera is weakly acidic. The temperature of the air in the room should be an average of 22 C with a deviation of not more than two degrees. Water for watering the plant should be warm, not colder than 20oC. Gerbera can easily catch a cold if, while observing the temperature regime of the air, at least once it is poured cold water. In this case, the flower can easily die. The petals of the plant should often be watered with moisture. If the flower is kept at 14 ° C, it will cease to bloom. This is normal for gerbera in winter, although in the heat it can not stop flowering even in February.
The soil under the gerbera is weakly acidic
For gerbera transplant, you will need either sand,or peat. The procedure is carried out in the spring. Pruning the plant is not necessary. After the transplant, the gerbera should be fertilized every week. To do this, you need to prepare an aqueous solution, which will contain all the necessary microelements. It is desirable that it is well diluted. Multiply a variety flower can be divided bush at a spring transplant. Seeds can also be planted, but the flowers grown from them will vary greatly in quality. A good set of attributes can be present in one bush of the set. Therefore reproduction through division of the bush is more expedient. The second method is rather good for amateur breeders.