Gerbera - one of the most loved by the populationflowers, which is confirmed by the fact that in the rating of popularity, he stably is in the top lines and is one of the five leaders along with rose, carnation, tulip and chrysanthemum.
It belongs to the gerbera to the family of astroids, but looks like a large bright chamomile, but, perhaps, more original and refined. Elongated, carved, like a dandelion, the gerbera leaves are united at the root in the basket, and the head of the flower elegantly rests on a long stem.
Proceedings of breeders from different countries gave rise toa variety of species of gerberas. Flowers are simple and terry, they can be of different sizes - from modest 5 to impressive 12 cm in diameter, and the range of their shades is impressive: red, yellow, orange, white, cream, coral, lilac and burgundy colors - among them there is nothing except blue. The core of the flower can also be of different tones.
Genus gerbera from subtropics - basically thisThe species is common in South Africa and Madagascar. The history of the name of this flower is not as romantic as one would like: in the 18th century the Dutch botanist Jan Gronowius first described it, giving him the name of his German colleague, Traugott Gerber. Popularized this species almost a century and a half later R. Jameson from Scotland. He drew attention to one of his varieties in the South African province of Transvaal. Gerbera Jameson and was the starting point for all seven dozen existing gerberas. The English call this flower a transvaal chamomile or a daisy. Interestingly, gerbera is one of the symbols of the South African province - Mpumalangi, which until 1995 was called the Eastern Transvaal. It is this flower that adorns the flag and the coat of arms of the province.
In floristry, these flowers are valued for theirefficiency, long period of flowering, good compatibility with other plants in bouquets, as well as durability - they do not fade for a long time even without water. Since the gerbera is a thermophilic flower, in the middle zone it can be grown either in greenhouse conditions of greenhouses or in the open ground, but already as an annual - it will not carry a frosty winter. Amateurs of gerberas, wishing to admire miniature suns as long as possible, can get a potted version of the flower.
Room gerbera: transplant, watering, top dressing
The indoor, hybrid gerbera species differs from itscompact: the height of the flower does not exceed 25 cm. These positive, festive flowers can decorate any room. Flower lovers should know: to ensure that the dwelling is permanently decorated with a gerbera room, care at home is necessary. No, nothing particularly complicated is required - just need to know certain secrets of well-being gerberas and do not ignore them.
First of all, do not rush right awayreturn from the flower shop to transplant the gerbera as other plants. It is necessary to give it time for adaptation: two weeks or even more, and only after that by the transfer method it should be moved to a new, preferably ceramic, air-permeable pot, previously washed with boiling water. The drainage should be placed on the bottom, and the soil itself should be slightly acidic and consist of two parts of light foliage, one - peat and one - sand, can be added with perlite, expanded clay or pine bark. It is better to buy ready-made, disinfected mixtures, because the gerbera is very sensitive to various infections.
So, after in a new pot and soilflaunts gerbera, home care for her is reduced to timely watering. There are a number of nuances. You can not allow the soil to dry completely, but you should water the gerbera carefully, not at the root, but at the edge of the pot, or, better, in the pan. The liquid that remained in the pan after half an hour is clearly superfluous, and it must be drained. Water should be at a temperature close to room temperature, or even a little warmer, and soft. Watering with cold water can ruin a plant. If the air in the room is dry, it will be useful to spray the gerbera, but only the stem and leaves. Spraying is best done with finely dispersed, rather than large drops.
To the owners as long as possible pleased gerbera inpot, home care should include, in addition to watering and feeding. Fertilize the gerbera during flowering every two weeks. Fertilizers for gerbera should be mineral - organic it does not accept, therefore it is better to forget about humus.
Where to plant a gerbera
Remembering the birthplace of this flower, it is not hard to guess,The gerbera is accustomed to sunlight and a long day. This does not mean that you can put it in the sun on a hot midday. The windowsills of those windows that face east and west are best suited. If the location of your apartment is such that it is impossible - then on the southern windows you need to shade gerbera in the sunny hours, and on the northern ones you may have to provide it with an additional source of light.
As for the temperature regime, is 20-22? C is the temperature that the gerbera likes room. Care in the home, standard for the mid-band conditions, it just assumes a temperature regime, so there is no need to be particularly tricky. Frequent airing is welcome: fresh air will be useful not only for households, but for your pet. In the summer she will be very comfortable on the balcony, loggia or on the porch of a private house, but the temperature drops will not be her liking, so at night a flowerpot is best returned to the room.
If the winter is to provide the gerberaan additional light source and ensure that the temperature in the room remains above 20? C, it will bloom in the winter, but it will weaken it and shorten the life of it. And because in winter it is better to arrange a rest for her at a temperature of about 15? C in a bright room. In fertilizing at this time, the gerbera does not need, and watering can be significantly reduced.
In spring all plants come to life, they will wake up from hibernationand gerbera room. Care for her will require the same as before the rest period. It can be transplanted if the roots of the flower have already appeared on the surface of the earth, but if there is no special need, then the plant can not be disturbed by transplant until the fall and the end of the flowering period. If you provide her with the right conditions, then the gerbera, having gained strength during the winter holidays, will surely begin to blossom. In summer, due to too high temperature, the growth and flowering of the plant will be somewhat suspended, and at the end of summer the gerbera will blossom again.
Reproduction of gerbera
Even if care for the gerbera was carried out with an accurateobservance of all rules and nuances, this flower, unfortunately, does not live longer than 3-4 years. Therefore, if you do not want to part with your favorite, you can try to multiply the especially liked room gerbera. This can be done by means of seeds, cuttings or by dividing the rhizome.
Reproduction by seeds is quite difficult fornewbie process. In order not to make mistakes, it is worthwhile first to carefully study all available information as to what the gerbera room needs. Care at home, a photo of all its stages for clarity - it's easy to find in the directories and the network. As to reproduction by means of seeds, first of all, it should be understood that the gerber of self-pollination does not occur, therefore during the flowering period, from May to August, it is necessary to carry out the procedure of artificial pollination. For this, after the inflorescence dissolves, on 3-4 days, carefully, using a brush, shake off the pollen from the stamens in a glass jar. It is alleged that in this form the pollen will remain active for more than three months. But the pistils will open their stigma somewhat earlier - in two months, and then it will be possible to apply the collected pollen to them, again carefully, with the help of a brush. Seeds will ripen in summer in 20 days, in autumn - a couple of weeks later. Get from each inflorescence can up to 100 seeds, which are recommended not to be stored for longer than six months.
Planting seeds, it must be remembered that maternalsigns in new gerberas, most likely, will not survive, and the size of the inflorescence will be smaller. But such plants are by default adapted to specific conditions, and therefore will have greater resistance to disease. In principle, for those who have already grown seedlings in boxes someday, the Gerbera will be quite capable: landing, caring for her are not much different. Similarly, disinfect the soil by steaming or a solution of potassium permanganate before planting, boxes with small seeded plants are covered with a film and put the little fellow in a warm place, and after a week, when shoots are sprouted, they are transferred to the light. In winter, it is necessary to provide seedlings with additional light sources. At the end of the month, you can already transplant sprouts with two leaves on different containers, not deepening them, and when the leaflets are already 4-5, repeat the picking. In a month, young gerberas can be fed with liquid mineral fertilizer. Irrigation during growing seedlings must be carried through the tray with warm water.
It is much easier and more reliable to reproduceGerbera - and with the preservation of all the characteristics of the original plant - by dividing the bush. Let's say you have a house decorated with a favorite gerbera for 3-4 years. Care at home, a photo of a blooming plant - all this gives you pleasure so much that to part with the tropical beauty in the near future you do not plan at all. Well, then you can prolong her life, regularly performing the division of the rhizome. In summer, when the plant is in a state of relative rest, it is necessary to carefully clean the upper part of the rhizome from the ground and make an incision in two, sprinkling it with coal or dry soil. When both halves are allowed roots, they can be divided and planted in different pots.
The stalk is a part of the stem with a knot and a leaf that is placed in moist soil until it releases new shoots. This method is not too reliable, it is laborious and the flower growers are usually not used.
Provided that the information is fully available,it is quite possible to decorate your house for a long time with a pot (and not even one) with such a spectacular, bright southern plant as a gerbera room. Care (photo and video of the transplantation process, recommendations for watering and temperature regime are always on thematic sites on the Internet), it is not such a troublesome business, but from the first one it may not work out. Each florist has his secrets, in this same article are listed only the main points, which should focus first.