Irises are perennial flowers that you canto meet almost every flower bed - they are so beautiful and popular. That is why many florists are interested in questions about how to properly plant these flowers and what care they need. And this is not surprising: after all, what could be more beautiful than a bouquet of irises?
Irises: planting and care
Iris flowers are unpretentious. But for all their unpretentiousness without sunlight they will not grow. Therefore, before planting, you need to choose the right place, or even better - to break the flower beds on the hill. In addition, it is important to know that irises even though they love light, but they are contraindicated in the sun. The ideal option is to drop the irises in the shade of the trees.
Before planting, the soil chosen should be enrichedminerals - it will allow plants to get accustomed and start to bloom more quickly. However, irises do not tolerate sour soil, which should be considered when choosing a fertilizer.
What is the multiplication of iris?
Irises reproduce vegetatively, through fissionrhizomes. If you have a bush of irises, then after flowering from it you can separate the part and divide it into several bushes. Seeds this plant does not reproduce.
Irises: planting and care in the open ground
The best time to plant these flowers is summerperiod: at this time the roots of the plant have not yet gone deep, and the buds for the future flowers are about to form. Flower bud will appear 1-2 weeks after planting, and during this time the root will have time to settle down. Thus, landing in summer takes 2 weeks.
When landing in the open ground you need to have timetransplant iris before the onset of cold weather. If the planting occurs in the fall, it is necessary to trim the flowers and divide the roots immediately after the plant fades. The landing should be made while the weather is warm.
General rules for planting irises:
You can not plant irises deep into the soil. This will not only delay their development and growth, but can also ruin a plant. Iris roots are on the surface of the soil and diverge not in depth, but in width. Therefore, if you deepen the rhizome, the water will stagnate, which will cause the rot and death of the flower.
When planting, you can not use humus or manure - these are too aggressive fertilizers for tender roots, which can also provoke decay and death of the flower.
It is necessary to observe the distance between plants,otherwise their roots will dampen each other's growth. When planting, you should retreat 20-40 centimeters between each two holes. This will allow irises to feel free, and large bushes and thick leaves of plants will cover the distance, as a result of which the flowerbed will not look deserted.
Irises are moisture-loving plants, while deep watering for them is much better than wetting the top layer of the soil.
Care of irises:
Irises do not require special conditions. To feed the soil is only as necessary, the acidity of the soil is not necessary to raise.
Irises must necessarily be transplanted every 4 years.
Irises are very prone to disease. If one flower becomes ill, you must immediately tear it and remove it from the flower beds, otherwise all plants will become infected and die.
Also on beautiful flowers are pest wreckers. To get rid of them you can use special sprays or chemical fertilizers.
Before the onset of winter, irises should be covered with special bedding or a film.
A bouquet of irises is a very beautiful sight, whichis available to every owner of a private house or cottage area. A wide selection of varieties of this plant makes iris a favorite among florists and florists. Care and planting of irises - it's not difficult, although it requires certain knowledge and skills. You can buy a rhizome for planting in special shops, and having one bush, in another year you can plant an entire glade with iris.