To the creators of structural garden compositions lobeliaAmpelnaya is known as a flower, capable of delicately decorating any idea. The airflow of the flower cap of this plant fills the lack of openwork in the design of the flowerbed where it is necessary. Photographs of lobelia are full of many sites devoted to gardening. This culture is convenient in breeding, so that even a beginning gardener can please himself with its bright inflorescences.
Decorative flower lobelia ampelnaya
Lobelia is an ample native to the arid expansesSouth Africa. This plant belongs to the family of bell-bells, which characterizes the shape of its inflorescences. In the wild, there are about 300 species of this semi-herbaceous plant. Garden culture, domesticated for park complexes, is several varieties.
Lobelia ampelnaya is not exacting to watering and perfectly tolerates the neighborhood of many park cultures
Despite the change in climatic conditions,endurance lobelia has not decreased. This flower will be comfortable in different soils. The plant is not exacting to watering and perfectly tolerates the neighborhood of many park cultures.
A special attention deserves stabilityflower to the onslaught from the weeds. A distinctive feature of the species remains the ability to independently fight with many types of uninvited neighbors. The root system densely envelops the land clod under the bush, not allowing other weeds to start their shoots.
Lobelia ampelnaya with hanging stems, about 45 cm long, looks great in hanging flowerpots
The branches of lobelia have long shoots, cakedsmall dark green leaves. Flowers are distributed evenly over the entire surface. The bushes can be lifted to decorate low hedges, and you can leave to spread along the surface of the soil.
Photo of different flower compositions withThe use of lobelia illustrates the extent to which this is a democratic plant. A cap of multicolored flowers of lobelia can decorate flowerpots, fill some niches of the landscape plan. Despite the small amount of color diversity, this plant can completely transform the garden.
Lobelia resistant to direct sunlight
There are four main shades of the lobelia palette:
Thanks to a dense crown, lobelia can be used in decoration:
compositions that imitate the "wild garden".
Lobelia shining has a stem height of up to 80 centimeters
Lobelia can be used to fillopen sunny places. Since the birthplace of this plant is Africa, lobelia is resistant to direct sunlight. Bring lobelia bushes in order is easy, because it quickly grows. Meanwhile, the twigs of this plant perfectly complement floral bouquets or plant panels.
Varietal variety of the plant
Photo of Lobelia of many years fill the expanseThe Internet. Colorful varieties of this plant allow you to transform any composition, achieving the intended visual effect. The most widespread park cultures include:
- Lobelia shining. The height of the stem is up to 80 centimeters. Has a wide range of color transition leaves - from green to red.
- Lobelia Gerardi. The height can reach 125 centimeters. The highlight of this variety is considered non-standard spiked inflorescences. The species tolerates low temperatures well.
- Lobelia the Darling. The plant is one of the most low-growing in the family, has a dense cap, perfect for decorating suspended structures.
- Lobelia blue. The flower has spicate inflorescences, the main color scale is blue-violet. Active flowering begins in the middle of summer. The species requires quality care.
- Lobelia is purple. Forms large shrubs large diameter, like swampy soils, areas with highly suitable groundwater, suitable for planting in coastal areas or in the vicinity of artificial reservoirs.
- Lobelia sedentary. It multiplies perfectly by self-seeding, blossoms the next year after planting. The shoots of this plant are poisonous.
The active flowering of the lobelia of blue begins in the middle of summer
When planting a lobelia of any of these speciesrequires a small correction for their specific properties. Almost all of these species can carry large climatic loads, which is especially important in a strip with sharply changing weather conditions.
Cultivation from seeds
The main way to reproduce lobelia -growing out of seeds. The priority task of the grower is the timely collection and proper storage of seed. To do this, you need to know the maturity of the seed capsule of the plant.
Lobelia purple is suitable for planting in coastal zones or in the vicinity of artificial ponds
In the conditions of our latitudes, life expectancyLobelia perennial is only one year. This is due to the change in temperature and humidity levels - unlike the temperate climatic zone, in the native edges of this plant, winter is characterized by monsoon rains. However, even in the cold conditions of Russia, lobelia manages to pass through all stages of its maturation in one season.
The time of ripening of lobelia seeds falls onmid summer. To achieve a better germination, before planting the material, you should soak the seeds in Kornevin's solution within 24 hours. This will give the plant the necessary impetus to germination. By the way, if you add a few grains of manganese to the aqueous solution, the seeds will be resistant to molds.
Shoots of lobelia are sedentary poisonous
Plant seeds in several types of containers:
plastic containers for seedlings;
reservoirs with earth mixture.
In order to properly manufacture a container for disembarkation yourself, you will need:
find or produce a wooden or plastic box with a height of the side about three centimeters (the dimensions of the area are arbitrary);
fill the bottom with a 5-millimeter layer of sand, compact;
prepare a soil mix consisting of peat, turf and sand in a ratio of 1: 1: 1;
to achieve the looseness of the substrate, sift the soil mixture through a fine sieve;
moisten the surface of the spray (you can use the solution of "Kornevin").
You can add small seeds to the soil in the following ways:
on the tip of a moistened toothpick;
mixing the seeds with sifted fine sand;
buying granulated packaging.
For the convenience of subsequent separation of seedlingsthe surface of the soil is delineated by shallow grooves. They are covered with seed material, but not too thick. It is not necessary to cover seeds with soil. Then cover the surface with one of the following materials:
Land lobelia seeds in peat cups
It turns out a greenhouse in which the seeds will feel comfortable. This way of growing lobelia gives a stable result.
Care of planted material
To plant lobelia perennial and care for it requires the most standard horticultural skills. To achieve good germination of the plant, the seeds need:
- Airing - once a day is necessary to lift the transparent cover, leaving open the greenhouse for 25-30 minutes.
- Humidification - once a day the surface of the earth mix is poured from the atomizer, without the need to fill the soil abundantly, it should only shine with moisture.
- Temperature regime - the temperature in a room with a hotbed should be at least 15-20 ° C; Any sudden temperature changes give the seed material a signal to stop growing.
The temperature in a room with a hotbed should be at least 15-20 ° C
Numerous images and photos illustrate,that the result of good germination can be considered equal dense green seedlings. Dense germination of seeds will be given if the tank is in a well-lit place. During a short daylight hours it is recommended to supplement the natural lighting with lighting fixtures.
The time of picking falls on the period of the second and third weeks after germination. To get seedlings without damaging the tender root system, you can apply:
a plastic spoon;
knife with a wide blade.
Picking time falls on the period of the second-third week after germination
Picks can be performed using tweezers. To plant plants you need several stems in one container. For this you can use all the same plastic or peat cups. The latter are most preferable, since their use facilitates further landings into the ground. In addition, the peat tank provides the best drainage of incoming moisture.
Landing in open ground
Landing lobelia in the open ground is possible inthe second half of May, but provided that the soil has warmed up and forecasts do not promise frost. If all the conditions make it possible to keep within this period, flowering can be expected already in June.
In the place of lobelia planting, mineral fertilizers should be added to the soil
Landing lobelia in open spaces will bemore productive if the seedlings were pre-hardened. The distance between bushes should be at least 13-16 centimeters. This will give the plant an opportunity to feel comfortable after its crown grows.
The landing site can be selected on sunny or semi-shady areas. In order for the shoots to exceed your expectations by further stubborn growth, the soil must be prepared. This will require:
two weeks prior to disembarkation, clean the plane of the planted surface;
dig a site on the bayonet bayonet floor;
add mineral fertilizers to the soil on the site;
add zemlesmes mixture of sand and peat (one part per square meter);
chopping clods with rakes;
level the surface of the site, water;
cover the planted area with agrofiber or film;
Ventilate the area once a day.
Plant only planted plants should not be more than twice a day
After two weeks on the linedThe surface of the planted area should be dig deep holes up to 10 centimeters. The plant should be planted in the hole in such a way that a small depression remains. After planting the plant must be fed. Top dressing is carried out in two stages:
top dressing with potassium sulfate;
top dressing with complex fertilizers.
Plant only planted plants should notmore often than twice a day. When the bush reaches a certain height and density of the crown, you can hold a haircut. This stimulates the growth of new shoots and flowering.
With proper care, lobelia quickly gives a dense crown and begins a bright flowering
Peculiarities of growing
With proper care, lobelia quickly gives a dense crown and begins a vivid bloom. In case of insufficient care the bushes have a stunted appearance, long do not give flowering. This may be preceded by:
lack of soil drainage;
too intense lighting;
insufficient top dressing.
For the growth of lobelia, it is necessary to add "Kornevin" to the daily portion of water
After analyzing the possible causes that prevent the normal development of the plant, you can do the following:
to make longitudinal grooves along a forested area;
to fill the bottom of the drainage showers with sand (per centimeter);
to feed plants with a mixture of fertilizers;
add to the daily portion of water "Kornevin";
Provide shading of the forested area.
To protect the roots from drying out, you can cover the surface with decorative pebbles of different gradient
In the process of care for lobelia the soil around the bushyou need to loosen up. At the roots of this do not follow - otherwise they can be damaged. Protect the roots from drying out by covering the surface with decorative pebbles of different gradients. Such a strategic move will allow:
make the lawn visually more attractive;
retain additional moisture;
provide a softer change in the temperature regime of the soil;
simplify the process of harvesting weeds.
Branches at a hairstyle are shortened no more than on 15 centimeters
Re-flowering of lobelia in August can beto provoke by a shearing of a plant. Branches at a hairstyle are shortened no more than on 15 centimeters. Before pruning the bushes it is necessary to feed up with mineral fertilizers. After harvesting excess vegetation, the bush can be vulnerable to viral and fungal diseases. A day after pruning it is worth treating the plants with garden chemicals. Irrigation after treatment should be moderate.