Monstera: home care

Amazing tropical beauty - liana, withrather frightening name of the fitter, can cause the most contradictory feelings, but certainly not go unnoticed. This magnificent plant has huge glossy leaves, whole or cut shape, and unusual for indoor plants, peculiar air roots.

Being a native of the tropical forests of South America, this evergreen vine, in natural nature, can reach a gigantic size, with a length of up to 40 meters and a leaf diameter of about 1 meter.
In natural natural conditions, the plant blooms and fructifies. The flower of the monster in the photo gives an idea of ​​its peculiar form, which resembles the ear of the cob, covered with a petal-coverlet.

A sufficiently large edible fruit, having a length of about 30 cm, resembles the ear of corn. It has a dense peel, and in the middle a juicy pulp with a mixed banana-pineapple taste.

In nature, a large number of speciesmonster, belonging to the family of aroids. In indoor floriculture, there are mainly three species that are most often found in different rooms: borziga, oblique and delicacy.
It is not exactly defined from which of the Latin wordsthe name of the plant has occurred. One of them "monstrum" in translation means a monster, and the other "monstruosus" translates as amazing or bizarre. And both of these translations are applicable to a delightful monster with an unusual appearance, frightening some florists, wondering whether it is possible to keep a monster at home? Even at home, it can reach 4 meters in length and therefore takes up a lot of space indoors. This should be taken into account when choosing a monster, as a domestic indoor flower.

The plant is not poisonous, but has a strong irritant effect and can cause the appearance of blisters due to the presence of thin needles - villi.

Amazing abilities of monsters

Around the plant there are many different myths,because of which the fans of domestic flowers, there are doubts whether you can keep the monster at home. Despite its frightening appearance, the liana has a lot of very useful properties that have a beneficial effect on the microclimate of the room and the human body. In the daytime, large leaves of the plant produce a large amount of oxygen and evaporate a lot of moisture, moistening the air. Monstera is able to absorb harmful electromagnetic waves, absorb the evaporation of formaldehyde and promote the ionization of air in the room.

At the energy level, the monster is capable ofhelp people communicate and make important decisions. It will help to order thoughts, absorbing chaotic vibrations, and has a beneficial effect on the nervous system, harmonizing the state of mind. Helps in the development of intellectual abilities and strengthens the body's immune system.
Such amazing abilities of the monster make it irreplaceable in the office and office, library and living room, it will help to concentrate, calm down and tune in to work.

The only not very suitable placeThe accommodation of the creeper is a bedroom. At night, the process of photosynthesis does not take place in the plant, and therefore, when breathing, it absorbs a large amount of oxygen. For a bedroom, such a process is unacceptable.

Care of the creeper at home

Monstera fell in love with the florists not onlydue to its unusual decorativeness and useful qualities, but also because it is simple in growing and breeding. Preferred conditions for it will be those close to the natural growth medium in nature.

Being a native of the tropics, the liana preferswell-moistened air, abundant moisture in the soil and shaded from direct sunlight, places. Monstera care at home, for its intensive growth and preservation of luxurious decorativeness, boils down to the provision of favorable content parameters.

Lighting

In nature, the liana is trudging along tree trunks andis in the scattered shadow of their crown, so he prefers shady but well-lit places. The bright sun can burn a leaf plate, and a deep shadow depresses the growth of the plant, until the development stops altogether. It will not lead to the death of a monster, but she will not be able to show all her luxury and beauty.
Especially the amount of lighting depends on the variegated species of lianas, if there is little light, then the foliage may lose its decorative effect and become a solid green color.

Place for liana

The plant gets used to its location andpoor reaction to movement, even minor rotations of the flower pot can stop the growth of the creeper. Therefore, it is better to choose for her a permanent place, protected from drafts and located not on the aisle, where the monster can be injured.

Temperature content indicators

The temperature regime of monster content during careat home should be within 10-24 degrees. On sudden changes in temperature, it reacts calmly, the plant responds only to the long-term effect of changes in air temperature. At high temperatures, the liana intensively and productively develops, the main thing is that the humidity of the air is sufficient. With the decrease in air temperature, its growth and development is suspended. She spends time in a state of relative rest, until the temperature rises to a sufficient level to resume growth.

Watering, moisturizing and top dressing

Monstera loves tropical moist air. Its large leaves evaporate a lot of moisture, so it is necessary to regularly moisten the leaf plate. To remove dust and moisture, you can wipe the leaves with a damp cloth. To gloss the glossy surface of the leaf plate, you can add milk to the rubbing water.

Watering in the period of growth should be intense, without the drying of the earth, and a moderate while the plant is at rest.
For good growth and preservation of decorativenessmonster, when nursing at home, needs periodic fertilizing with fertilizers, which include mineral and organic substances. It is better to use fertilizers for ornamental growing plants. In summer, feeding should be done once a week, and in winter every two to three weeks.

Care of air roots

Air roots serve as an additionalnutrition and moistening of the plant, so even if their appearance does not add decorativeness, they can not be removed. In order that they do not spoil the overall picture, you can collect and tie them to the trunk or wrap it with wet moss. During the watering of the vines it is desirable to moisten the air roots, this extra nutrition will ensure the well-being of the whole plant.

Transplant and Reproduction

Young, fast-growing plants are necessaryregularly and often enough to transplant, at least once a year, and in some cases every six months. The volume of the pot with each transplant should be increased. Monstera has powerful roots, which require a lot of space, so the pot must be wide and deep. A third of the pot is covered with quality drainage, and as a primer it is better to take a mixture of turf, peat, sand and humus. You can use a ready-made soil mixture for aroids.

Adult plants older than four years are transplanted less often, every 4 years, always updating the upper layer of soil, a new enriched composition.
The old plants slow their growth, and in order,to rejuvenate them, you need to trim the tip, with 2-3 interstices and leaves. This procedure will give an impetus to the growth of lateral young shoots. The trimmed tip can be used for reproduction of monsters. It is placed in water or on the surface of a moist soil, and when the roots appear, they are transplanted into a permanent pot.

To quickly establish a young shoot,high air temperature, about 28 degrees, and a good moistening of the soil and air. You can also use for the reproduction of monsters the middle cuttings or side layers, with the obligatory presence of at least two kidneys on them.

A more time consuming and prolonged method of reproductionit's sowing seeds. The sown seeds are kept in a warm and bright place, and in a month they give seedlings, which, if necessary, must be dived. An adult monster reproduction using seeds will be obtained only after two years.

Diseases and pests

The main diseases of plants are associated withviolation of the temperature regime and the required high humidity. Drying leaves indicate a lack of watering or fertilizer. Wilting leaves indicates a temperature violation or lack of humidity. If the soil is too moist, then the roots of the cyanide spoil, and yellowing appears on the leaves. If there is insufficient illumination, the young leaf plates develop poorly and become shallow.
Monster is easily affectedpests of domestic plants: spider mite, thrips, aphids or scab. It is necessary to carefully monitor the vine and, if necessary, to carry out its treatment and destruction of pests.