You have heard the expression “kitchen ergonomics”,“Bathroom ergonomics” and would like to know what science is “ergonomics”? Today we will gladly tell you about it. Ergonomics is a science that studies the interaction of a machine and a person, equipment and a person.
Ergonomic interior can be called suchthe interior, which, when thought through, was designed to ensure maximum human security and create conditions that are as comfortable and comfortable as possible for life. Especially important is ergonomics in areas such as a bathroom, kitchen, study and gym.
The requirements of ergonomics are taken into account when planning all the details and elements of the bathroom, including lamps, washbasins, bathroom furniture and even towel holders.
Bathroom ergonomics: distances and sizes
Doctors, designers and manufacturers of sanitaryequipment focus on ergonomic bathroom. According to the results of numerous studies, rational placement and size of equipment suitable for 90% of people were derived.
The remaining 10%, which have larger dimensions, either inconvenience or increase the numbers, acquire larger shower cabins and leave more space between the bathroom elements.
Unfortunately, bathrooms and bathrooms are alwaysso small that the bathroom ergonomics remain in the dreams. But if you at least approximately adhere to the rules, taking into account the realities, you can create a comfortable bathroom interior.
Ideally, a distance of 75 cm of free space should remain between all items of sanitary equipment, as well as between the wall and the door.
This statement does not apply to the bidet and toilet. The distance between this equipment should be approximately 35 to 45 cm. If the distance is longer, this may be inconvenient. In the photo below you can see the interior of the combined bathroom, in which the bathroom, toilet, bidet, sink are located ergonomically.
The distance from the bath (as an option, showercabins) to the sink can also be reduced to 30 cm, but not less. The washbasin bowl should be placed above the floor at a distance of 80-110 cm. A placement of 90 cm would be ideal, if, of course, the bathroom is used by tall people.
The height of the bathroom tabletop should alsobe at such a height (cabinets, tables, dressers, etc.) If in your apartment (house) is not a children's bathroom, take care of a small bench so that children can perform procedures without obstacles, looking at their reflection in a mirror cabinet.
When a man washes over the sink, hebends, which means that in front of the sink should be enough for this place. It is forbidden to mount washbasins in tight cabins if there is no distance of at least 55 cm from the edge of the sink to the nearest object (or bathroom wall).
However, the distance should also be sufficient so that a person brushing his teeth and washing his face should not touch his elbows into the walls.
If you are interested in how to make your bathroomthe room is comfortable; pay attention to keeping the toilet from the walls at a distance of 35-45 cm. A distance of at least 50 cm should remain in front of the toilet bowl no matter what is located there - shower, sink, door.
The ideal option would be one in which there is a distance of at least 75 cm in front of the toilet. If you have a toilet cubicle, its average size should be 168 by 92 cm.
Toilet paper on the holder should be mounted slightly in front of the toilet (20-30 cm) from the edge. The height of the holder should be 60-70 cm from the floor.
If you equip a fixed shower area,make sure that its size is not less than 75 by 75 cm, it is on the condition that people of average configuration will use the shower. The interior of the bathroom combined with the shower should be designed in such a way that the shower stall or shower corner occupies a space of 90 by 90 cm.
Bathroom ergonomics and layout
Never hammer in a small bathroom.equipment and objects, as in the bathroom it will be difficult to dry off with a towel or dress, which will also cause discomfort. In the bathroom, a person should be able to freely spread his arms to the side in order to dry off - this requires at least 170 cm of free distance. In addition, in the bathroom you need to pay attention to the fact that a person needs to bend down, standing on the floor (for example, put cream on his feet, undress, get dressed, wipe off).
Bathroom planning should be thought out.so that you and your household are comfortable using. It is better to donate a large bathroom with hydromassage and buy a small sitz bath or replace it with a compact shower. In order to save space, the washing machine can be placed under the sink.
Choosing a comfortable bathroom layout,keep in mind that all shelves and important items should be placed on the side of the leading hand. If space allows, shelves with hygiene items should not be removed far. The distance for shelves on which the items needed during bathing are located should be no more than 70-90 cm. Towels should be hung at the same distance.
Bathroom layout should suggeststorage system. Even if the bathroom is quite tiny and the furniture in it cannot be located, the solution would be to lift the bath and the equipment of the storage place under it. Above the sink you can always place not just a mirror, but a small cabinet with mirrored doors. By the way, according to the requirements of ergonomics, you should develop a plan for lighting the bathroom. In addition to the central light, there should be an additional lamp in the bathroom (at best, two lamps) near the mirror above the sink. This is important in cases where the family has a man shaving in the morning.
If the bathroom is well lit, washbasin should be placed between the bath and the toilet - it will be much more convenient.
Bathroom ergonomics and safety
The bathroom is the most dangerous roomin the house, as the room is wet. In addition, there are many such items in the bathroom that can be struck during a fall. Therefore, the main rule of bathroom ergonomics is to reduce the risk of falling.
On the floor must be mats forbathroom that do not slip. In addition, you can buy a rug and the bottom of the bath, if it takes a shower. Choose a shower stall with a non-slippery tray. On the floor you can lay a mat, if the shower take the elderly or children.
In the bathrooms, which are used by persons with disabilities and the elderly, the presence of handrails is highly desirable. Handrails needed and near the shower and near the bath.
In the bathroom, you must strictly follow the rulessafety precautions related to electricity. In small bathrooms can not be located switches and sockets. In a spacious bathroom (from 8-10 sq. M) you can position the outlet far from water (at a distance of at least 60 cm from the sink, toilet, trouble). This should be an outlet with degree of protection IP44 and higher. The outlet must be grounded and hidden wiring.
Bathroom fixtures also needpick carefully, determining the height of their location. All packages of lamps indicate whether it can be used in a damp room.
There is another danger in the bathroom - the possibility of burns. To avoid this, purchase a faucet with a thermostat.
Let your home be comfortable and comfortable!
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