Payment of utilities - the obligation of everyone living in a dwelling. And every conscious tenant,the owner or just a tenant, naturally, would like to clearly understand for what, how much and how he should pay for the resources received, called "the blessings of civilization." This topic is extremely complex, since the mechanism of payment depends not only on square meters, the number of residents in the room, but also the legislation of a particular region, the tariffs of the management company.
In particular, in different cities of our countrydifferent tariffs, amounts of subsidies, as well as the timing of payments. How are utilities paid? Does the amount depend on the number of registered? Is there any difference between registered and real? Below we analyze these and many other questions.
Payment of utilities - the obligation of everyone living in a dwelling
Kommunalka and registration
As soon as the owner decides to register at homeone or several people, he should be aware that the numbers in the bills for communal bills will change. After all, the number of prescribed - one of the key parameters of charges, along with the footage of the room. However, if there are individual meters in the room, the number of those registered in the calculation of water will not affect the light. Therefore, we will begin by asking what utilities are paid for the number of services prescribed.
Payment for gas supply
The main services that tenants pay for include:
If the room does not have individualdevices that take into account the consumption of water, electricity, gas, they will be charged averaged according to the standards. Counters reflect the actual consumption, so the more citizens in the apartment, the greater the consumption, the greater the amount in the receipts. Continuing the theme of how utilities are paid, depending on the prescribed, we denote garbage, the payment of which depends precisely on the number of registered. The content and heating depend on the footage and have no relation to the number registered. Accordingly, the more people are registered in the apartment, the more it will be necessary to pay for both types of water supply, gas, sewage, garbage, electricity.
If there are no individual devices in the room that take into account the consumption of water, electricity, gas, they will be charged averaged according to the standards
Very often, many are interested in the question in whichthe amount of utilities paid for each prescribed? It turns out this is simple: it is enough to divide the amount in the receipts by the number of registered citizens. If you want every registered person to pay for himself, you should separate personal accounts, and each will receive receipts individually.
Payment of invoices: impact on defaulters
According to the housing code of the Russian Federation, accounts forutilities are paid by the owner. That is, official receipts are issued in the name of the owner of the dwelling. And who exactly will make money in the cashier, will depend on the family agreements. Either the "communal" will pay one, or the amount will be divided voluntarily into all registered. Who do the tenants pay? Citizens are obliged to pay for gas, water, heat, electricity directly to resource-supplying organizations. But the clean "communal" (garbage collection, maintenance, repair of housing), residents pay to the management company.
Citizens are obliged to pay for gas, water, heat, electricity directly to resource-supplying organizations.
Important! Sometimes it is very important to know not only what utility bills are paid for, but also how to make one pay who lives, enjoys all the benefits, but does not fulfill his “housing” debt.
Such a problem may be related to relatives or tenants. There are 3 ways to really get to pay for receipts:
separation of personal accounts;
termination of registration;
The first way can really stimulatecareless relative. And the second and third - unscrupulous tenant. But it should be understood: when filing a lawsuit, the owner will have to prove that the rent was paid by him alone. If he succeeds, the court will terminate the rights of tenants (their registration) and oblige them to pay all the debts.
It should be understood: when filing a lawsuit, the owner will have to prove that the rent was paid by him alone
Various special cases
There are 2 points when the owners have a reasonable question about how utilities are paid.
This applies to situations where:
the apartment has an owner, but no one is registered in it;
there are prescribed, but nobody lives on square meters.
In the first case, you should equip an apartmentcounters for everything (water, electricity, gas, heat). There are no residents, the expense is zero, there is no need to pay any fees. A separate moment - heating. In the absence of the counter receipts will come anyway. In the second case, invoices will be received necessarily. Only the accounts for the resources to which the meters are charged will be zero.
A separate explanation deserves the question of howutility bills are paid in a communal apartment, since this moment very often turns into fierce battles of a controversial character between neighbors. Here everything will depend on how many owners in such an apartment, and how many tenants. This is what affects the size of payment for the common and living space. Ways for "utilities" 2: to reach an agreement or rely on the housing code.
Finding out the question of how utilities are paid in a communal apartment, you can choose the method of installing individual metering devices or splitting accounts
Owners and tenants can reallyagree and pay for the "communal" according to the agreement. But if there is no agreement between neighbors, the housing code clearly answers the question of how utility services are paid in a communal apartment, providing for such a mechanism:
heating is paid according to the shared distribution of the total footage;
water and gas is paid according to the number of those registered in the room, including minors and guests who stayed for more than 30 days;
the light is paid according to the number of electrical appliances, their power consumption (in the absence of meters);
the area is paid based on the number of residential and share in places of collective use.
Also, figuring out the question of how utilities are paid in a communal apartment, you can choose the way to install individual metering devices or split bills.
Kommunalka and subsidy
Anyone facing a shortage problemfunds for the payment of incoming bills, is in a difficult life situation or considers himself to be a poor citizen, he can use such state aid as a subsidy. In other words, it can be called cost compensation. How is the utility subsidy paid, and who is entitled to it? The subsidy is charged to certain categories of citizens according to the housing code.
The subsidy is charged to certain categories of citizens according to the housing code
It can be either federal ormunicipal. It is charged, if the owner spends on payment of "communal" more than the maximum set value. It makes up 22% of total family income. That is, if a citizen pays more, he can collect the necessary documents and take them to the accounting department of his management company. The grant is charged either to the bank account of the owner (the amount is written in the receipt), or it will need to be received at the post office at the place of residence. The owner may receive all the necessary information on this issue in his RCC. Debtors and foreigners are not eligible for the subsidy.
According to the housing code of the receiptare provided to owners on the first day of the month following the expired (estimated) month. If we talk about the most important, that is, about how many utilities are paid, the law indicates the period up to 10 numbers. However, this number may be different in each specific case (region, management company). In this case, an appropriate contract must be concluded, where all dates must be entered. Since tenants pay for water, electricity and gas directly to supplying companies, the terms are set by each specific supplier and secured by an agreement with the owner. If the owner or employer does not comply with the deadlines, he is charged a penalty - the corresponding percentage of the amount. There are also more severe measures of influence, the most extreme of which are court and eviction from an apartment.
Terminal for utility bills
And the last. Tenants do not always know not only what utilities are paid for, but where they can be paid. This can be done directly at the cash register of the RCC, in banks, at the post office, through the terminal. Bank card holders can do this by connecting the “Autopayment” option or doing it online from a personal account.