Among the flowering plants of the garden stands out unusualin the form of a bush and inflorescence astilba. This perennial herbaceous flower, belongs to the family of stone-small, it is distinguished by frost resistance, shade tolerance and moisture loving. There are about thirty species of wild plants, native to North America and East Asia. Many of them are grown in culture and, in addition to them, a large number of new varieties have been developed. The difference between them lies in the color of the inflorescences, the size of the bush and the time of flowering.
Astilba is able to decorate with its adorableflowering shady corners of the garden or shaded shore of the reservoir. In such places, other plants feel uncomfortable, but for astilba such conditions will be ideal. It is in the shade, on well-moistened soil, that it can most effectively show its luxurious flowering. Sunny places will make inflorescences less lush, they fade, losing their bright color.
In the photo astilba cultivation and care, which is carried out in compliance with the basic conditions:
Decorative qualities of astilbe
Flower growers love astilba thanks to herability to bloom for a long time and magnificently. Flowers are very small in size, collected in large aerial inflorescences, on long peduncles. The color of the inflorescences is varied: white, pink, red, purple and various shades of these colors. During periods when the plant does not bloom its pinnacle and thick foliage, it forms an openwork shrub and becomes an effective decoration throughout the summer season. The color of the foliage is bright or dark green, burgundy or bronze.
Numerous varieties and subspecies in sizedivided into dwarf plants, having a height of 15 to 30 cm, undersized, medium-tall and high, reaching 150-200 cm. Dwarf and undersized varieties are often used for the formation of borders. Tall ones are well suited for group forms, one should take into account the large growth of the bushes and the ability of the plant to overshadow the growing, stunted plantings. With the help of medium-tall astilbe, you can effectively decorate the areas of flower beds and lawns planted with plants that lose their decorative effect at the end of flowering.
Astilbe blooms on average around30-45 days. The time of appearance of inflorescences in different species is different and depends on the variety and region of cultivation. Early varieties bloom in June and until August, only green foliage remains on the bushes. Later varieties, which are widely distributed, begin to rejoice with abundant flowering in the second half of July, while later varieties thrive only in August. Picking up plants for a flower bed, with different flowering periods, it is possible to achieve a bright decorative decoration of the garden for the whole summer period.
The structure of the inflorescences combines different typesAstilbe in groups, it happens: pyramidal, rhombic, paniculate and drooping. Each form is interesting and attractive in its own way. Flowers after cutting quickly lose their lush decorativeness, so they are rarely used in the preparation of bouquets.
Astilbe Roots Have Branched Powerfulstructure with a large number of cord roots. The location of the root system is superficial and has a tendency to grow upwards, partially revealing itself over time.
Astilbe growing and care of photo intensively growing:
Care and conditions
Conditions in which astilba will feelthemselves are comfortable, are shady and well-humidified places. It may be a thick shadow from the crown of high-growing trees or the northern side of the building, where there is enough daylight, but the amount of direct sunlight is minimal. Deep darkening is undesirable for the plant, its greens will be able to actively develop, but the lack of daylight will inhibit the formation of peduncles. To enhance the formation of new inflorescences, it is desirable to remove old and decayed flowers.
Earth astilba prefers loamy and heavy, able to permanently retain moisture. When planting, mineral fertilizers and wood ash are added to it to enrich the soil mixture.
Astilbe growing and care photos in conditions close to natural:
Water the flower regularly, especially ina period of intense flowering and arid hot summer. The plant more easily tolerates stagnant moisture in the ground than its drying out. Mulching with bark or shavings will help to keep moisture in the soil well and to keep the superficial roots from overheating and drying.
Astilbe root has an unusualstructure and is capable of growing, to appear above the surface of the earth. This makes the flower vulnerable, so the roots should be given special attention. Mulching, thickened planting, regular watering and fertile land will create favorable conditions and allow the roots to develop well.
Fertilizing should be done twice inyear. In the spring, nitrogen fertilizers are used to give the plant strength for growth and flowering. In the fall, phosphorus and potash fertilizers are used for a safe wintering. Above they pour a rather dense layer of peat mulch, this will allow the roots to survive the winter frosts well and to give early and strong shoots in the spring.
Photo astilby cultivation and care, which is carried out using a complex of mineral fertilizers:
Reproduction and Transplantation Methods
Astilba multiplies by dividing a bushkidney regeneration or seeds. The division of the root is done simply with your hands, especially in a young plant. If the root system is too developed, it is necessary to resort to the use of special tools.
Reproduction by dividing the bush
Roots growing on top slow down furthergrowth and development of aspilba, so it requires regular transplantation, every three to four years, or rejuvenation of adult bushes. When transplanting produce separation of the root into several independent plants. On each of them several buds of renewal or shoots should be preserved, then flowering may begin as early as next season.
The reproduction of astilby by dividing the bush is necessaryproduce in early spring, while she is still asleep, or in autumn, after the end of flowering. Each of the separated plants is seated in a separate pre-prepared hole, the distance between which should be at least 40-60 cm, so that they do not interfere with each other during future growth. Complex fertilizers, bone meal and humus are added to the well. Young planting is necessary to isolate with a layer of about 3 cm and to observe regular watering.
Reproduction of kidney renewal
When kidney breeding resumed scoopno plant required. This process causes astilba rejuvenation and gives impetus to the growth and appearance of new shoots. Regrown parts of the root, with renewed buds or shoots, are separated from the main rhizome. Sections must be treated with ash, for drying and preventing disease. Growing on the surface of the roots of the main plant necessarily sprinkle with enriched soil. The processes are planted in wet sand or in a mixture of peat and gravel. For a good rooting process, you can cover the landing with a transparent film or glass. When a young sprout gains strength and goes into growth, it can be planted on the main habitat.
Reproduction by seeds
For breeding seeds should be purchased instore, because self-harvested seed, hybrid varieties, does not retain its characteristics. Sowing seeds produced in February or March, in a light and moist soil, without deepening. Using a film or glass, they create greenhouse conditions and periodically moisten with a spray gun.
If necessary, conduct a dive youngshoots. When the air temperature is established steadily warm, the seedlings can be planted in the ground, keeping the necessary distance. With this method of reproduction astilba blooms in the third year.
Diseases and pests almost neverastilba hit, it is surprisingly stable in front of them. If due to excessive shading grows to sleep, then it is easy to remove with the help of weeding and loosening the soil.