The stove not only warms and cooks food. She creates her own atmosphere in the house, absorbing moisture and giving off heat. It warms the house better than central heating radiators. It’s not easy at all to build a brick oven for a house with your own hands. In appearance, almost identical stoves differ from each other.
The main filling, which distinguishes one stove fromthe other is inside. It will depend on whether the stove will work efficiently, how much firewood is required for heating and how long it will store heat.
How to fold a brick oven with your own hands
It would seem that it is easier to prepare clay, sand and fold the furnace out of a brick with your own hands. But on the choice of material, many already make mistakes.
Preparing for stove laying: materials
For laying use bricks brand M-500. This is not a special furnace material, however, it withstands repeated heating and cooling, it is easily processed.
The furnace is advised to make fireclay bricks. And between the layer of red and refractory bricks, you must leave a gap to expand the materials. Otherwise, the clutch will break.
If you decide to take an old brick, you need to turn it around. After all, the uneven edges of the hearth look ugly, which means you will have to tile the surface.
The foremen-masters notice that old materials seize poorly and always soak them in water before work. A brick that absorbs moisture takes as much mortar as needed, and the laying will be strong.
Do not take a hollow brick for heatingstoves. The voids, it would seem, should help make the furnace warmer. But it turns out that the air gaps retain heat inside the stone, not giving it to the surrounding air. Yes, and the life of the hollow less than the whole.
For the solution in the old manner take the clay. It is sifted from small stones and debris. Then soaked for several days, stirring. The resulting goo is rubbed through a sieve, defend and drain the water.
Some stove-houses use a special additive for the solution - ordinary salt. It does not allow clay to crack.
On a bucket of solution take a handful of salt.
Pure clay is not used, it is mixed with fine sand. Take by eye, focusing on the degree of fat clay. Approximate proportion - 1: 1.5
Do not forget the grate, doors, flaps. They can be removed from the old stove or buy new ones in the store.
The number and size of doors differ independing on the type of stoves. At least two, big on the firebox and small on the blower for a simple heating and cooking stove. If you decide to fold the Dutch, then you need one small door and a damper for each channel in the oven.
And again, the nuance - you need a gap between the stone and the door. Otherwise the cracks will go. The space separating metal and brick is filled with asbestos cords. It changes every 2-3 years.
You can smear this area with clay, but it quickly falls, although the smoke does not pass into the house.
When laying the door is fixed with wire, pulling it along a row of bricks. They put the doors on the iron strips, serve as a mount for a very long time.
Glass doors are beautiful, although after every two fireboxes they need to be cleaned from soot.
Grate bars are iron grates on which firewood burns. Through the grate, small embers and ash fall into the ash pan. And large coals remain in the furnace and burn through.
They are also necessary for ventilation - air fromthe blower goes through the grill and controls the burning process. You put firewood in such a way in the firebox so that the air inflates the flame as it passes through the grate. The door of the blower must be opened.
The best material for the lattice is cast iron. Steel quickly burns through. There are solid lattices, and more convenient - typesetting. After all, it is easier to replace one section than to change the entire burnt grate.
The new brick furnace for the house with the hands dries 14 days. In the first firebox do not load much wood, heat with bark, paper, not resinous trees.
Prepare the foundation for the furnace of brick with their own hands
The foundation for the stove - is required. Height depends on the space under the floor. Poured only on the prepared base. If it is earth, pure sand is poured. Strengthen the base reinforcement, fragments of stones, put formwork.
Filled with cement mortar with sand proportion - 1: 3
After 2 days of drying, you can put the stove. It is better to withstand within 1 month.
Moisture can rise from the foundation and gradually destroy the furnace. So waterproofing is a must. This is a normal piece of roofing material or a dense film.
If the house is new and the stove is being assembled during the construction of the remaining rooms, then you should not rush. Sometimes you have to cut the ceiling, because then the pipe does not pass, then the ceiling is too low.
The first row is laid out by poking. He comes with an overlap on the sexual lagoon.
Measure each row level, make sure the lines are straight.
After the first two rows, it is useful to install the vertical guides of the chains. The maximum deviation is 2 mm.
Lay the brick so that the top overlaps it by half. For neat seams, apply a metal bar and align the masonry over it.
Focus on ordering - a schematic representation of each row.
Ordering can be independently drawn ordevelop in a graphics program such as Sketchup. Or order a professional ordering from the stove. Without thinking the first project you like from the Internet is wrong. All furnaces are different and only an experienced master can listen to your wishes, looking at the house, to offer the best option: economical and durable.
From 2-3 rows begin to lay out the fuel chamber of fireclay bricks. Install the door, fixing them on the stones.
The order of the furnaces depends on the type of air movement.inside, its destination is indoors. If you doubt your abilities, first fold the rows without a solution, onto a dry one, so as not to redo the unfortunate option.
Brick stove for a bath with his own hands
The laying and maintenance of a bath stove is different from a domestic heating stove.
Stoves for Russian steam rooms - "heater". Flue gases pass through stones that heat up to 800 degrees. This heat destroys the stones, closing the passage for flue gases. At least once a year you need to sort out such a stove. New Kamenka gives good steam, without dirt and smoke. If the furnace does not work well, dirt is generated, steam comes with smoke. A dirty facing at the heater is a sure sign of poor performance. Stones are laid in a special department. And they need to be laid in a special way so that the smoke was a place for passage through the placer. Incorrectly laid cobblestones will be covered with soot.
Often a brick sauna stove with their own handsfolds with water tank. It is better to impose a barrel with water on a brick, otherwise it will be uncomfortable to bathe - the metal, heating up, gives hard thermal radiation and burns the skin.
Fold the stove for a sauna with a bricknot difficult. Special knowledge is not needed. The only difference that needs to be considered when laying is a larger firebox than a stove for a house. Firewood must be completely burnt.
For small banyas, a brick stove is not needed - it takes up too much space. It will be enough to impose a brick stove with a brick and install a heating tank with stones.
The stove for a bath must be strong and reliable. The operating time of such a furnace: 4-6 hours of burning, it must withstand the weight of stones up to 100 kg.
Not every stove can make such a stove correctly.
For cooking on the stove setthick metal hob. They also design fireboxes in such a way that from the bottom, a maximum of two fireboxes, it was possible to heat the main cooker, a roaster for a kebab and a smokehouse.
For summer kitchens, they arrange a stove with a brazier made of bricks, a firebox is laid out of stone with their own hands, a canopy is installed above the barbecue grill.
The most popular for cooking is the Russian stove. But to fold it is not an easy task. If you are a beginner to make a stove out of a brick with your own hands for cooking it costs less. For cottage suitable stove, baby with 2 comforters and a place to dry berries. She will flood and cook.
Fireplaces for home
Fireplace stoves and fireplaces are very popular. They occupy less space, are beautiful and serve as interior decoration. And this is also the most fire-dangerous brick stove, you need to collect a fireplace with your own hands only taking into account all the fire safety rules. The lower level of the fireplace should be at least 30 cm above the floor.
The walls close to the fireplace may begin to char. To save the wallpaper will help any fire-resistant material - slate, osit. Do not keep flammable materials near the fireplace.
A simple fireplace stove is made of bricks made from the same bricks as the Russian, Dutch stove.
Downstairs often make a niche for firewood - woodshed. Fireplace by the fireplace open, goes into the smoke box and chimney. To prevent the wind from bursting into the house from the chimney, and the heat does not go into the fireplace, a smoke tooth is installed — a protruding brick or row that delays the movement of heat inside.
Tips for long life stoves
In order not to exfoliate the plaster, watch the layer thickness.
Before plastering, moisten the furnace with water, cover it with a liquid clay mortar, moisten it again and make the last layer of plaster.
If the furnace does not warm up well, the reason may be not only the poor quality of the fuel. Look at the dampers and the views - is there soot inside the furnace? Need to clear. Do it every 2-3 months.
Is the stove smoking? Do not rush to curse the stove. Perhaps it is from the wind. At the corners of the pipe, put two halves of bricks and put a sheet of iron on top of the perimeter. The stove stopped smoking - it means you need to make a stationary cap.
Do not overheat the oven. Stoked 2 times a day, no more than two hours. Flame color: light yellow, smoke - transparent.
Once a year - clean the stove. Pipes - once in 3 years.
For prevention, heat the oven with aspen wood and burn fresh potato peel. This will clear the pipe from soot.
Fold the stove - not easy. Masters spend more than one year to improve their art. Once you decide to make the furnace yourself - try. Do not rush to the choice of materials, look for a good brick, first fold the oven dry, and only then on the solution. Order the order from a specialist. Otherwise, you will have to shift the newly folded furnace, and this is a very costly process.