In order that the car did not stand in the yard andIt did not get dirty, an advantageous and simple solution is to build a metal “cover” for it. Due to the fact that the metal construction of the garage is quite simple, you can build it yourself, with your own hands. Using only your imagination and imagination, you can create a magnificent garage.
What are the main advantages of metal garages for cars?
First of all, the construction is simple andinexpensive takes no more than one month. The price of such a garage is not higher than that of a building of the same size, but also of concrete or brick. Since the design of the metal garage is very light, it helps to save on laying the foundation, the material does not have to be replaced, because the metal is durable.
In addition, for the construction of a metal garageWe do not necessarily have the skill to build garages, just follow all the instructions clearly. It is quite another thing a wooden garage, difficult to build and easy to fire. The metal is not exposed to fire, if it breaks, it is quite easy to repair or rebuild it.
The most important thing is to create a drawing that accurately reflectseach part of the future garage, while taking into account all the necessary dimensions. If the only function of the garage is to place the car at night, keeping it there from bullies and dirt, it is not at all necessary to make it large in area. It is enough that a car and a few things necessary for its storage and maintenance will get into it: oil cans, tools, spare parts, wheels and much more. But if the garage is planned as a mini-workshop, in which you can carry out an independent repair of the machine, its parameters will have to be expanded. Then all the necessary things will go there.
It is important to collect all the necessary tools:
Ready-made concrete blocks for the construction of the foundation.
Sheet metal, the recommended thickness is two to two and a half millimeters.
Metal corner with a thickness of fifty millimeters.
Film, best of polyethylene.
Armature from a bar.
Apparatus for welding.
Elements required for the gate: fasteners, hinges and bolts.
Wooden boards for floor installation.
The correct drawing.
Plot marking is carried out in accordance withdrawn up earlier drawing. After that, you need to protect the "bottom" of the garage from the decay of natural elements. It is for this purpose that it is recommended to cut off the organic soil layer by about fifty centimeters inside the markings of the future garage. The resulting space should be covered with sand to avoid frost heaving of the soil and take water away from the site.
The foundation is prepared as follows.way: with the help of pegs, a rope line and a tape measure with a square is made markup. Stakes are driven in at the corners, formwork is made of planks, but it should be remembered that that part of the foundation, which should be above the ground, should exceed the ground level by about forty centimeters. The resulting formwork is filled with plastic wrap, after which the reinforcement from a rod with a diameter of about nine millimeters is placed on it. Details should be interconnected by means of vertical rods with annealed wire. The frame of the garage will be attached to bar-made anchors with a width of sixteen millimeters and a height of thirty centimeters.
Cement is required to fill the foundationthe solution diluted from the cement, sand and rubble, in approximately equal amounts. The formwork will be filled with concrete, the layer will be leveled and left to dry completely. Only after the foundation is fully prepared, you can start building and welding the frame of the future garage. It is best to suspend work for one to one and a half weeks, but concrete gains the best strength only thirty days after pouring. It is worth remembering this and take into account when planning the time for construction.
Frame installation. Metal runners, used as a base, are prepared in the amount of fifteen centimeters each and are installed along the entire perimeter of the future garage. One edge is cut at an angle of ninety degrees, and the other at an angle of forty-five. To the smallest corner a small piece of pipe is welded in the manner of runners from children's sledges, all ends are welded.
Installing the floor in the future garage. Most often the floor is made of concrete or wood, but if the base of the frame is runners, then preference should be given only to the tree. A polyethylene film is laid on the pre-prepared formwork to achieve a waterproofing effect, and a reinforced mesh is placed on top of it. Everything is filled with an additional layer of concrete, which should be dried for at least a week and a half from pouring. Only after this boards, treated with a special antiseptic, are placed on the frame. The same principle is made and the congress of the car from the future garage.
The construction of the main part of the frame. It is for this purpose that a metal corner is needed. After welding the bottom frame attached to the anchors, you can proceed to the second part, installing the rack from the corners. Then the upper frame is brewed, on which the roof and the entire ceiling will adhere. For a garage, the purpose of which is a small workshop, the distance between the necessary additional bars should be equal to one meter. If the garage is needed only for the "production" of the car, you can refrain from installing them altogether.
Garage trim. One of the final steps in the construction of a metal garage - the covering of its walls with metal - can be started only after the concrete floor has completely dried. Metal, cut along the perimeter, is welded to the corners. So attach all the metal sheets, then using a welding tool to fasten all the seams between the sheets. Then you can hang the gate. To do this, hinges are welded on the garage frame, the gate can also be strengthened with wooden blocks - this will help avoid the gate being sag. Just like the main walls, the doors are sheathed with metal from the outside, the seams are welded.
Insulation metal garage. For this purpose, best suited foam, polystyrene plates. The materials are attached to the walls, they must be fixed with the same wooden bars. To make the inside of the garage look more attractive and not gloomy, its walls, sheathed with insulation, can be plastered and painted in any color you like. Painting is necessarily required and the outside of the metal garage to hide all the irregularities and stains on the leaves of metal. Before you begin to apply paint, the material should be cleaned of possible rust, dirt, apply a layer of special primer that protects metals from corrosion and leave to dry. Only after this stage can metal leaves be coated with paint or special enamel.
The final stage: the installation of all necessary. First of all, in any garage you need good ventilation, which will prevent the accumulation of moisture in the room, will save the garage from harmful substances and exhaust fumes. For storage of tools and spare parts for the machine should be installed additional shelves and drawers. If the garage will be used as a home workshop, you should install and fixtures for the repair of the machine. Most importantly, the room was not fully piled up with additional things, and the tools did not interfere with the main purpose of the garage - the protection and preservation of the car. In the garage you can spend electricity, light.
Nevertheless, metal is a rather heavy material.at least in terms of weight and much smaller than structures made of concrete or bricks. In order to further reduce the weight of the building, it is possible to replace the metal leaves with metal profiles similar to them.
Such a garage of metal sheets is prettyjust build your own hands, for this you do not need to have a great skill in construction. It is enough just to plan your time correctly, create the most detailed and precise drawing and invest maximum effort.