Description of clematis varieties suitable for the Moscow region


Clematis, or clematis - beautiful curlylarge flowers, valued by gardeners for their appearance. Clematis - varieties for the Moscow region, a description and photo of which will be given in the article, require special care. The flower got its name because of the peculiarities of the stem: klema in Latin means "vine". Clematis stem very flexible? durable and thin - this is a distinctive feature of the plant. Due to its structure, the stem can reach a length of 8 meters. Clematis leaves are flexible (in some species hibernating, others die off for the winter), have a rich green color. The shape of the leaves of clematis pointed, with edges in the form of cloves. The leaves are attached to the stalk opposite.
The appearance of the leaf plate also depends on the type: in some varieties it is integral, and in some it is divided into three broad blades.

In nature, clematis is found only intemperate and tropical climates. For the first time, clematis was cultivated and cultivated in the UK, but flower popularity began to grow only in the 19th century, when the active breeding of new varieties began.

In Russia, this plant is also cultivated, butSome varieties are suitable only for cultivation in the southern regions and only in greenhouse conditions. These species include, in particular, Lawson's large-flowered clematis. It is a hybrid variety, obtained by crossing sprawling and woolly clematis. It has a characteristic color of colors: light blue with a lilac shade and red stripes.

As an ornamental plant mostZhakman clematis is valued, distinguished by large blue flowers with a purple or violet hue. This species was bred by crossing purple, woolly clematis and Henderson clematis.

Purple clematis with blue, pink or purple flowers is good for open ground. Revealed flowers can reach 20 cm in diameter.

As already mentioned, clematis grows best insouthern areas, as it is a thermophilic plant. Some species are resistant to frost, and their large bright flowers fill the garden with marvelous aromas of jasmine, primrose and almond.

Description of clematis varieties for the Moscow region

In Moscow, weather conditions are a little likewarm climate of the southern regions. But this can not be a serious problem for those who decided to plant these beautiful flowers on their site. In order for plants to safely survive the winter and delight with their flowering all summer, you need to read the description of clematis varieties for the Moscow region before buying and make sure that they can be grown in northern latitudes.

In total today there are more than 400 species. Among them, the following varieties of clematis for the Moscow region are considered the most suitable:

  • General Sikorsky - Clematis variety, differentflowers pale lilac color, while depending on the lighting, their colors change. Flowers are big enough, grow on new shoots. This variety is very resistant to temperature changes, pests and diseases (including fungal). Moderately cold withstands quite easily, but does not like drafts. Feels best in the partial shade, near the wall of the house or in the western part of the garden.
  • Gypsy Queen is one of the varieties of clematisJacmanne It grows up to 5 m in length. The plant is very lush, sprawling, with many purple-red flowers. The period of flowering in the Clematis of Gypsy Quinn is long - they delight in the flowering view from early spring to late autumn. This is one of the most suitable varieties of clematis for the Moscow region. The plant is unpretentious, tolerates significant temperature drops.
  • Niobe is distinguished by bright purple flowers thatat first they are almost black. The flowers are large, up to 15 cm in diameter, appear at the beginning of summer on last year’s branches after pruning; in autumn, the flowers bloom on new shoots. Niobe is one of the most well-known varieties, but it is quite capricious: for successful flowering it is necessary to constantly fertilize, loosen and mulch the soil.
  • The variety "Hope" is distinguished by exceptionalendurance and unpretentiousness. Clematis varieties Hope for the suburbs fit perfectly well. But these flowers still require careful maintenance. The best place for them is on the windless side, near the wall of the house. The height of these plants can reach 3 m, which allows them to form a beautiful gazebo.
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  • Lehi - blooms profusely from early spring until the first cold weather. With constant care, regular fertilization and arrangement of the drainage system in the area clematis will please abundant flowering.
  • Breeders are not the first year engaged in breeding varieties that are not resistant to our most favorable weather conditions.

    Where better to plant clematis

    Clematis is best suited for planting,blooming in the first wave (in May-June). Flowers in such plants appear on the branches appeared after wintering. For the Moscow region varieties of clematis, you can choose any suitable for the characteristics, but they usually do not include plants with terry flowers. Such clematis have the unpleasant property of being reborn: they either fade only once, in the first wave of flowering, or lose the original appearance of the petals.

    Despite the fact that the plants are well toleratedcold with proper warming, it is recommended to plant them in the spring, when the cold has already receded, or at the end of summer, when it is still far from the first frost. You can replant in summer, when the stems are already woody.

    A characteristic feature of these plants is theydemanding to the place of landing (even varieties of clematis, specially bred for the Moscow region). The place must be chosen in such a way that it is protected from strong winds and drafts. Clematis is also very demanding for light - they prefer shaded areas. Therefore, the place for them needs to be chosen so that direct sunlight does not fall (because of them the colors of the flowers may fade), but it was warm. Strongly cool dark and damp areas.

    Clematis can grow in one place not onedecade, transplanting they suffer with difficulty. Therefore, immediately need to pay attention to the quality of the soil. From it depends on the appearance of the plant.

    Best for breeding clematis suitableloose and fertile enough soils with weak acidity, or slightly alkaline. If the soil is clay, you need to take care of abstraction of excess moisture. Otherwise, the water will start to stagnate and cause the roots to rot; it is clear that this will reduce the flowering of clematis. To avoid this, you will need drainage - a layer of rubble.

    Light or medium loamy or clayey soil is best for planting. Before planting, it does not hurt to add lime and nutrients to the soil.

    Fertile soils are considered suitable forplanting clematis. But on poor soil, clematis can feel quite comfortable - provided that it is taken care of very thoroughly. Before planting, the soil must be prepared in advance: add peat or clay mixed with humus. Humus cannot be used, as it is detrimental to clematis roots, especially in the first year.

    How to plant a plant correctly

    You can plant clematis at any time during the growing season, although flowers grown in a greenhouse should not be planted later on August 25 - they simply will not have time to settle down and acclimatize in a new environment.

    When planting clematis worth withstandingdistance 1.2-1.5 m between plants. In clay soil, which prevails in the suburbs, you need to dig a hole of 0.7x0.7x0.7 m. If the soil is wet, drainage should be laid on the bottom of the recesses. The pits are filled with earth mixed with peat and sand. It is also recommended to add 2 cups of ash and 150 g of mineral fertilizer.