Aquarium plants: types and choices

Those who really breedfish in the aquarium, knows that without an appropriate microclimate, pets will not be comfortable. And the creation of such conditions so that the fish do not need anything, live and breed, requires considerable effort and knowledge.

The right amount of oxygen must enter the aquarium. Fish should be able to hide in the crevices between the aquarium stones.

Decoration of a house for fish and not only ...

It is to create an enabling environmentaquarium plants will become real helpers and decoration, as they determine the appearance of the fish house. But not only the role of decorating the bottom and walls of the aquarium is played by plants living in the water. They saturate water with oxygen and affect its amount. They gently and imperceptibly purify water, absorbing mineral substances from the roots and pores located on the surface of the leaves.

If the water is hard, plants can make itsofter, are a natural filter. In the aquarium, plants also synthesize energy through photosynthesis, as a result of which they take carbon dioxide and produce oxygen, which is necessary for the normal functioning of living organisms.

By the appearance of the plants living in the aquarium, one can judge how the inhabitants of the aquatic world live. The aquarium is in perfect order if the aquarium plants have bright lush greenery.

Some types of fish use aquarium fish.plants for spawning. Such fish glue eggs to aquarium plants, others toss it in the thickets. Sometimes caviar takes refuge among plants so as not to be destroyed by its parents. And caring mothers build nests from pieces of plants. Females hide in the swaying stems of aquarium plants from persistent harassment of restless males. And the newly born fry are looking for reliable shelter among the grass leaves.

Individual incompatibility

Plants for the aquarium must be selected taking into account themability to get along with each other in the same area. Cryptocoryne does not tolerate vallisneria at all, since they need completely different conditions. But there is a trick in their location, which will allow to cultivate both species in one container.

Different types

All those who are engaged in fish farming know that there are several types of plants for the aquarium.

The first type includes such plants foraquariums for which soil is needed, since they have a root system, which they have well developed. Sometimes such plants need special mineral top dressing. For this group of plants in the aquarium should be at least five to ten centimeters of soil. Their reproduction occurs by seeds and by dividing the rhizome. Those who know a lot about aquariums prefer arrowheads and tradescantia.

The second group of plants only floats in the thicknessaquarium water. These plants have absolutely no rooting system; they feed on them through the leaves, through which all the necessary compounds for life, dissolved in water, enter. They very actively give oxygen to water and serve for certain fish species in addition to the main diet. They are an indicator of changes in temperature and water pollution.

And finally, the third group. It can be attributed to those plants that float on the surface of the water. This category has its own task: they do not allow the bright rays of the sun to penetrate, while maintaining the balance of the temperature regime. Three-parted duckweed is a striking example of what provides reliable protection to all living things in the aquarium, creating shading, floating on the surface of the fish house.

Make the right choice

Not many beginner fish lovers know everythingplants, some only read or heard something from neighbors. Do not rely on random selection, you need to study the features of all representatives of the flora and the inhabitants of the reservoirs. It is necessary to study aquarium plants, photos with the names of which are available in all directories and non-fiction. Such competent assistants will be able to give the maximum necessary knowledge for those who have decided to seriously arrange a corner of the underwater kingdom in their apartment or at work. But having carefully studied all the advantages and disadvantages of plants that can settle in an aquarium, you should not limit your choice, guided only by the names of aquarium plants. Undoubtedly, it’s nice to show off your erudition using the learned hard-to-pronounce names of plants, and even demonstrate them to your friends. But do not forget that the water world is a special world with its own laws and rules. And if you really want his representatives side by side and delighted with their presence, you should not rely only on the prestige of aquarium plants, their photos with names that seduce with their exotic turns of speech.
For aquarium representatives of the flora need a veryclosely monitor, cut off excessively grown stems, diseased leaves in time. The aquarium should be filled with plants by one third so that the fish, which are still the main inhabitants of the body of water in the house, do not experience inconvenience and crowding. And if there are a lot of plants in the aquarium, oxygen deficiency may begin. Not everyone knows that plants play the role of “oxygen plants” only during the day, absorbing carbon dioxide. At night, they use oxygen just like all other creatures. As in the well-known cartoon: "Beauty is day, freak in the night."

Unnatural plants

Sometimes fish owners don’t neglectartificial greenery for their aquariums. There are several reasons for this. Firstly, there are fish species on which plants are not stocked. They simply feed them. Such aquarium artificial herbs that never get sick and do not lose their external attractiveness are perfectly combined with natural design. This type of plant does not allow shoots, can not hurt, does not need special feeding. But what advantages artificial plants would not have, they cannot fill the whole aquarium with themselves. The absence of living plants will lead to a lack of vitamins for the fish world inhabiting the home aquarium with scaly swimmers.

Diseases and the possibility of their elimination

Plants that move into the aquariumdivorced from their natural conditions, so you need to try to create for them an alternative decent content, approaching the natural conditions of their habitat. If the environment for plants is not thought out at the proper level, they can begin to get sick and die, without giving an aesthetic zest and spoiling the water for fish to live. Slow growth is often observed. The reason for this is the lack of carbon, because it is plants that use it. The roots begin to blacken - you should change the soil in the aquarium, as it has become too shallow and therefore compacted. If the plants do not receive phosphorus in sufficient quantities, the leaves begin to fly around them. And this is not a seasonal factor at all around the fall foliage. This is a sign that lifeless patches have appeared on the leaves. The stems are thin, the leaves are pale in color - poor lighting. The plants have small leaves - the ratio between lighting and temperature is broken. The tops of the plants are elongated more than the prescribed size - the proportion of the red color of the lamp should be reduced. The poor appearance of plants living in the water will tell the attentive owner that there is a problem with the chemical composition of the water in the aquarium or its stagnation is observed. Lack of nitrogen affects the color of the leaves, they turn yellow and acquire a reddish tint. The same phenomenon can be observed if the balance of sulfur, calcium, magnesium, potassium and iron is disturbed.

A number of preventative measures can be taken: remove partially or completely diseased plants from the aquarium, change the water. Plant restoration and recovery is a long process. This is best avoided. All negative consequences will not occur, provided that the water is replaced regularly and oxygen is saturated. It is also necessary to monitor the filling of the aquarium with living organisms: avoid overpopulation by plants and fish.

Aquarium light

Just now, leading a story about diseases and their causes, it was said that lighting an aquarium for plants plays a huge role.

Lamps for aquariums with modern technologyYou can choose the most different. The most important thing aquarist wants. Lighting should fulfill not only its main function: to saturate all living organisms with light, but also to create beauty.

Therefore, the main aspects ofAquarium lighting will be the lighting adequacy and light design of the aquarium. Everything in the aquarium needs light. There is no life without him. Plants will not survive without light, fish and bacteria will die. How to illuminate the body of water so that the fish are full and the plants are whole? Lamps come in a wide variety of purposes and types: halogen, daylight, energy-saving, conventional incandescent lamps. All of them are good in their own way. However, the best option, which, unfortunately, has a high price, would be lamps with a purple spectrum. Vegetation under the influence of such a lamp develops and multiplies better.

Many factors influence the aquarium’s illuminationnot only the type of lamp used to illuminate it. An important role is played by the composition of the water, the material of the fish house and its height. Plants are a good indicator of the level of light entering the aquarium. They will respond to both excess and lack of light. Therefore, its flow should penetrate the water column and get into every corner of the aquarium evenly. In this case, you need to monitor all plants from the roots to their tops. Never need to be limited only to inspection of the upper parts of plants. They can have lush bright greens. At the same time, roots that are slightly in the shade will begin to decay. Any lamp that is installed above the aquarium must be fenced off from it with an additional sheet of glass or colorless plastic. This will not allow water to overheat from the heat coming from the lamp. This is the first reason. The second reason is that drops of water can get on the lamp, which will cause it to explode. Some species of fish jump out of the water for a while. Touching a hot lamp can cause a fatal burn. Sword-bearers like to make such "sports" runs.

What to choose? Material capabilities and the type of aquarium will solve this problem.

Before choosing this or that lighting option, it’s worth making inquiries about which species of fish and plants like more light and which prefer to live in the shade.

So, the "night" fish and catfish love the shadow. They need to select the same shade-loving plants to match. This is wallisneria, for example. The plant is beautiful and can, under certain conditions of placement relative to each other and the light source, perfectly take root with cryptocoryne, so they will look great in an aquarium.

But one important condition to remember is thatIllumination affects the vitality of the plant world in the aquarium. The intensity of photosynthesis in plants depends on light. That is why the issue at hand is so important. If the process of photosynthesis occurs at the proper level, plants saturate water with nutrients, which, in turn, transform, nourish plant tissues. If everything in the aquarium is normal, oxygen leaves, lush bright greens and normal, timely growth can be seen on the leaves of the plants.

The light spectrum should not be limited to plants. It should not be only blue or red. Let the plants choose from the light flux the shade that they currently especially need.

Types of lamps, what to give preference to

Incandescent lamp is as close as possibleto natural sunlight has its own spectrum, but have a low efficiency. One incandescent lamp to provide the necessary level of illumination is not enough, they will need several pieces. This will lead to excess heat and excessive heating of the water. An increase in temperature negatively affects the viability of fish and plants.

Halogen lamps (GL) The use of such lamps in the aquarium, for obvious reasons, is also not recommended.
It is better to refuse to use halogen lamps in aquarium lighting at all.

Fluorescent lamps have an affordable price andhigh light output, the spectrum of exposure is small and after six months, a maximum of a year later, they already lose all their properties, they will have to be changed. They penetrate poorly through the density of water and emit scattered light.

Metal halide types of fixtures are lovedbeginners and aquarium professionals. They have good color rendering, water flickers, fish and plants cast a shadow. This all adorns the look of the aquarium and has a beneficial effect on the health of all its inhabitants. But they emit a huge amount of heat. To use them, you will need special racks or pendants.

LED lights in the aquarium can be used as additional lighting at night.

In a properly lit aquarium with sporting healthy fish, the aquarium plants in the photo are incredibly beautiful.

Real professionals and connoisseurs of fish do notseek to buy exotic fish and plants. They are trying to create the conditions for those who are tamed. To recreate the beauty with your own hands, which in the future will provide relaxation, an occupation for the soul. Often this hobby becomes a real hobby. And plants and fish pay with their tacit consent to live and breed with a caring host.