Bright and colorful summer cottage attractsattention, therefore, many owners of suburban areas are engaged in gardening, because this is the easiest way to decorate the territory. The modern market offers a fairly extensive assortment of plants, among which there are both annual and perennial flowers for giving. The flower garden, pleasing to the eyes throughout the warm period, is not easy to make, but it's worth it.
Annual and perennial plants: differences
You can decorate the site with almost anyblooming representatives of the flora, because among all the diversity there are species that do not require special care. Incorrectly picked flowers, perennials will bloom at random and will not be able to create that beauty, which has the opportunity to surprise yourself and your friends, with a little effort and after reading several relevant articles.
Properly seated representatives of the flora will helpemphasize the seasonal feature of the suburban area. Annual plants are popular because of the bright and rich color of inflorescences, so they are in demand among lovers of the beautiful. Experienced gardeners give preference to perennial representatives of the flora, and now we will find out why.
Perennials of flowers have a number of advantages, which will be discussed further. So:
No need to transplant plants annually, hide them from frost in warm rooms or worry about them when the temperature drops;
All perennial flora representatives normally respond to small frosts;
All measures for caring for such plants are simple and do not take much time;
Even the most delicate-looking flowers survive the winter perfectly;
The whole summer season looks spectacular and helps to decorate the site, giving passers-by a wonderful aroma;
Often used as the basis of a flower garden, around which in the future you can plant annual flowers;
Growing such plants is cheaper thanannual, because when transplanting them can be divided, thereby increasing the number. In more detail, you will be shown perennial flowers for giving photos with names.
Plants will delight you throughouta warm period if you take care of them in the fall. Even the health of representatives of the flora depends on your first actions, that is, when landing on a permanent residence.
Perennial plants, photos andthe names of which you will see below, by division, therefore, at each transplant, you can increase their number. Planting representatives of the flora is necessary at least so that young shoots gain strength, and do not die in the root system of large ones.
All plants of this type are divided into several groups. Division criteria:
Type of root system.
The method of reproduction.
So, perennial flowers are:
Species propagating by seeds;
Perennial plants can also be divided by the stages of flowering and the time of formation of the bud:
The formation of buds occurs in the second year of flower growth. This stage falls in the summer;
Buds appear in autumn, and flowers in spring;
Buds form immediately and bloom all summer;
The appearance of buds begins with the arrival of heat, and by mid-summer flowers already appear.
It is possible to plant in the open ground not only a separate species of plants, but also whole compositions that will not require a transplant over the next couple of years. Then you will learn how perennial flowers in the photo look.
As mentioned in the article above, plant health in the future depends on your actions. There are several unspoken rules, following which you will allow the representative of the flora to grow healthy and strong.
Determine the future type of flower garden - this will help to choose the right representatives of the flora. Perennial flower seeds are sold in specialized stores.
Plants should be chosen not only externallymind, but also in height. Low-growing flowers are best planted along the outer perimeter of the flowerbed, and tall-along the inner. This arrangement will allow each plant to be in sight. Examples can be seen in the photo of perennial flowers.
Curb flowers should be grown along the paths.
When choosing plants, be sure to consider the color scheme of the future composition, the time of opening of each bud and the harmony of the combination.
Varieties of perennial flowers planted in autumn
There are a lot of representatives of the flora, but among themwe can distinguish those that are in special demand for their beauty, unpretentiousness, or low requirements for conditions. Each plot owner will be able to choose the appropriate option from the list below.
Name of perennial flowers:
There are only 4 species of these flowers, but each of them blooms at different times, so you can plant them all. The most popular crocus species is Dutch hybrids.
The flowering time of these representatives of the flora is April. Biologists know more than 30 varieties of hyacinths, which differ in the color of the buds and the shape of the structure. Such flowers perennials photo will show better than words.
Flowering plants of this type are found oneach infield. There are a lot of varieties of daffodils, so choosing a suitable plant is not difficult. All of them differ in shape, structure and color.
The plant is picky and does not need muchcare, therefore, great for summer cottages, which live only in the warm season. The bulb of a daffodil perfectly survives the cold in the earth, and with the advent of spring, tall beautiful flowers will appear from it, which will delight you with a riot of colors.
An abundance of varieties and colors allows you to makecomposition of any complexity, so these flowers are often used not only by novice gardeners, but also by specialists in landscape design. Tulips can differ among themselves not only in color, but also in the shape of the petals, buds and the base as a whole.
The plant belongs to the order of undersizedrepresentatives of the flora, so planting it is in the foreground of the flower garden. The maximum height of the periwinkle reaches 20 cm. It has become popular because of the peculiarities of growth, because even in the shadow zone of the infield, development is in full swing, while most flowering plants prefer brightened places.
Perennial flowers will delight lovers of beauty with a bright color and flowering time. Already with the arrival of the first warm days, the plant will throw out the buds and not drop them until the first frosts.
The plant is quite diverse, not onlycolors, but also the shape of inflorescences. This is a fairly high representative of the flora, so in most compositions it occupies the central part. Daylily is white, pink and other shades.
This perennial flower is liked by mostgardeners with their tenderness and bright color. Also, the plant is interesting in the form of inflorescences and an original combination of shades. Pansies are unpretentious in care and undemanding.
He is rightly called the most spectacular amongtall flowers. Peony looks great both in the flower garden and in the bouquet. It goes well with other colors and exudes a very delicate aroma, bewitching and alluring.
Very fragrant perennial flower with motleycoloring book. Panicled phlox is quite a lot of different species, so choosing a suitable representative of the flora is not difficult. You can only make a composition from these flowers, and it will not turn out boring, but rather colorful, fun.
An unusually beautiful and delicate flower, which is liked by almost all gardeners, but the plant requires special care and is very sensitive to diseases.
This plant is found in only a few shades: white, purple-lavender, pink and dark purple.
Such flowers perennials bloom all summer, thereforepopular among landscape designers. All inflorescences are very bright and saturated. They can be pink, purple or white. The plant is not demanding, therefore, special care is not necessary, in addition, it is resistant to many diseases.
This plant has large enough leaves, which gives it a certain charm. The inflorescence is on a very long stem, which can grow up to 125 cm.
Conditions for keeping
Choosing the right plants for the flower garden should be guided by:
On the conditions by which you can provide them. Light-loving plants, such as primrose or daisies, are suitable for plentifully sunlit areas, and others for shady ones.
On the composition of the soil. A good gardener, even a land poor in minerals, will not become an obstacle to growing your favorite representatives of the flora, because to improve its condition it is enough to make a little effort. Even with clay soil there will be no special problems, because you can plant unpretentious lilies of the valley or astilba on it.
Among all perennials it is worth paying attentionunpretentious plants that can exist for a long time in arid conditions, that is, they must have a sufficiently powerful root system to do without watering for a long time. Among such representatives of the flora, gardeners give preference to loosestrife, stonecrop and elecampane.
Planting and care
Before landing perennials necessarilyprepare the ground. To do this, it is enough to dig it, and then fertilize it with mineral composition or manure. The amount of fertilizer directly depends on the plant that will grow in this area.
If there are perennial flowers whose names youfind out later, they belong to the weaving group or they grow greatly during the growth process, then they don’t need to pour a lot of fertilizers, because this can stimulate leaf growth, which will negatively affect flowering.
If the soil is acidic, then before plantingperennials it should be treated with lime. After processing, the soil must be left alone for 2-3 days, so that it settles. Preparing the soil in one way or another should be based on the needs of representatives of the flora, who will grow here.
Choosing the best time
Properly selected and treated soil -the guarantee of the health of your plants, but this is not the only thing that you have to take care of. So that your flowers grow well, you need to choose the right time for their planting.
The best time to work with seedlings - periodfrom April 25 to May 20, and in the fall - from August 15 to September 5. About an hour before the seedlings are planted in open ground, it should be abundantly watered. It is also worth pouring water into the well before the start of the process.
Carefully take out the plant and lower it intoprepared hole, then cover it with earth and slightly compact it. If the representative of the flora is “containerized”, then before rooting it is necessary to powder the root system with “Kornevin”.
With the sprout in the hole, stick the support,to which we will tie the plant in the future. If the support is inserted into the ground after the plant has grown, then the root system can be damaged. Perennial flowers, photos and names of which you learned from the article, are best planted in spring and autumn.
Caring for perennial flowers is easy. Numerous measures for the care of such plants are carried out much less frequently than for annual representatives, but still includes watering, fertilizing and loosening the soil.
Since the root system of many perennialSince the plant lies close to the surface, then loosening the earth around is not recommended. To open the air to the roots of the flowers, a simple mulching is enough. Water the plants should be quite often. This is especially true during the period of budding, flowering and after it, during a drought.
For watering plants, it is recommended to useonly warm water. The jet should not be too strong, as this can damage the sensitive parts of the flowers. Experts advise wearing a spray when watering flowering plants.
Plant nutrition should be combined with watering,as this improves the absorption of vitamins. The first time to apply fertilizer for perennial plants should be in the spring, when the snow has already melted. Perennials planted in the soil should be fertilized in several stages:
15 days after transplantation;
In the period of budding;
During the opening of buds;
In the spring, plants should be fertilized with organic mixtures, and after the buds open, they should switch to mineral ones. Around September 20, you should stop with fertilizer.