Cherry - this tree or shrub refers tosubgenus Plum family Pink. Juicy fruit with one bone has a sweet and sour taste. The most ancient type of cherry is cherry, which was once called bird berry. Grows in garden plots, along with apple trees, plums and other fruit trees. From the fruits, fillings are prepared for sweet cakes, jam, squeeze juice, boil stewed fruit, in Ukraine dumplings with cherries are very popular. There are a large number of varieties of cherries.
Varieties of cherry trees
The most common are the following varieties:
Chinese or felt is a shrub speciesCherries, has several trunks with a height of not more than 2.5 meters. In China, it grows in the wild, in the garden areas of the middle lane it is planted as an ornamental plant, but the fruits of felt cherries ripen early, never crumble. The berries are edible, and in one season from the bush you can collect up to 10 kg of fruits. Very frost-resistant plant, even during flowering. Rarely exposed to fungal diseases. The name "felt" shrub received due to the fact that shoots, leaves and berries have a slight pubescence. The plant is photophilous, does not like a lot of moisture, because of its abundance it can die. After flowering, the shrub needs to be fertilized with fertilizers. Gardeners speak of felt cherry as an unpretentious plant with beautiful ornamental bushes, delicious juicy berries. Using it as a stock for other plants, improve their quality.
Colon-shaped varieties. The crown and trunk of this cherry grows clearly vertically upwards, which allows it to naturally form a crown without any branches. The tree grows up to two meters. It is necessary to plant in places protected from the wind. The fruits are large, juicy, with a sweet and sour taste. Very unpretentious plant, fruiting well in the middle lane. “Colony” and “Enthusiasm” belong to the columnar variety. These species have good yields, the fruits are juicy, large bright red in color. Frost-resistant plant, rarely sick with fungal diseases, easy to care for. When buying seedlings, it is important to pay attention to the apical bud, it must be intact and intact.
Shokoladnitsa - variety of common cherry was bredat the Research Institute for Breeding by crossing two varieties Lyubskaya and Black Consumer Goods. In height, this variety grows no more than 2.5 meters, the crown of the tree is not dense conical. Large fruits have a maroon color and taste sweet like cherry. Flowering begins in May, the berries ripen in July. This early variety is frost-resistant, but susceptible to fungal diseases. Requires constant care. For pollination, it is necessary to plant a pollinator tree next to the Chocolate Girl, for example, cherries or cherries of the Griot or Vladimirskaya variety. When several trees are planted, there should be a distance of up to 3 meters between them. It is better to plant in mid-spring or early autumn. Chocolate girl is a photophilous plant, frost-resistant, does not tolerate waterlogged soil. During flowering, it is necessary to water well, after flowering, fertilizing with fertilizers is required. Gardeners, judging by the reviews, prefer this variety for its good yield, sweet, large berries, ease of care for the tree. The only drawback can only be its susceptibility to fungal diseases.
Steppe or shrubby is a wild hybrid.and ordinary cherries. A low shrub its height does not exceed 1.5 meters. Propagated by basal shoots, the trunk has a dark gray color. It begins to bloom in mid-May, but the fruits ripen only in August. Frost-resistant shrub, grows on slopes, foothills, can grow in deciduous forests. The berries are juicy, dark cherry in color. It does not self-pollinate, therefore, another variety of cherries for pollination is needed nearby. For planting, you need to choose a sunny place on a small hill. It is better to plant in the middle of spring. Watering the first year should be plentiful with fertilizer. Bushes need to be thinned, to remove dry and diseased branches. One of the remarkable representatives of the steppe cherry is the late-ripening variety “Generous”. Bushes are not tall, reaching a size of up to 2 meters. Flowers are white, collected in inflorescences. Cherry blossoms in late May. Berries ripen late in late summer. The pulp of fruits has dark red color, sweet and sour taste. Gardeners speak of this variety as a plant with frost resistance, high yield and quality of fruits.
Dwarf cherry. Shrubby, undersized plant with a height of 1.7 meters. Crohn is magnificent, grows quickly, gives a good harvest. The berries are large, red or dark red in color, the taste is sweet and sour. The dwarf plant is popular among gardeners because of its good productivity, is not afraid of the wind, is easy to care for, grows quickly, and is frost-resistant. Dwarf cherry has many varietal species, which include: Anthracite, Bystrinka, dwarf Lyubskaya, Youth, dwarf Mtsenskaya and other varieties.
Japanese cherry. This species grows in Japan and is called Sakura. The plant blooms in spring, its flowers are bright pink and white, the flowering period lasts a week. Sakura is a symbol of Japan, on a coin of 100 yen there is an image of the most revered plant by the Japanese. Every year in mid-March, many tourists go to Japan to see this amazing natural wonder - sakura blossom. In Japan, there is a Hanami tradition - admiring the flowers; for several decades now, the Japanese have been celebrating an official holiday called Sakura Blossom Day. This holiday is celebrated in all areas of Japan. Sakura is an ornamental plant, but it bears fruits that have a taste that resembles a mix of grapes with cherries and currants, have a fairly dark color. In the world there are about three hundred varieties of this plant. Sakura is a photophilous plant, does not like an excess of moisture. It is good to plant a bush on a small hill, but where it is not windy. When planting several plants between plantings, spaces must be made up to 2 meters.
Decorative Cherry. Tokyo cherry is the most beautiful plant of all varieties of Japanese ornamental trees. But in the middle lane it is difficult to grow because of the severe frosts that occur in winter. Almost all decorative cherries are very low and can serve as a decoration for any garden. Small trees are planted in spring. For purchase, it is better to choose seedlings in containers. The roots should be strong, there are few leaves on the branches. For planting seedlings, you need to choose a sunny place, humus must be added to the calcareous soil. If you properly care for the plants, then they will bloom very plentifully. Flowers bloom in April, flowering continues until the month of June.
On top of the hole for irrigation can be covered with humusor sawdust so that there is no drying out of the soil. Caring for cherry trees is not difficult. The main thing to remember is that the roots of the plant are not very deep, so loosening should be done no more than 10 cm in depth. To have a rich harvest, you need to properly water it. They do this not every day, but as the soil dries. It should be watered abundantly enough, then the earth around the plant must be loosened. Some varieties of trees need to be thinned, cut dry and diseased branches, treated with a special composition if the tree is affected by a fungus. After winter frosts, you need to carefully inspect the cherry, cut branches that have suffered from the cold, cover the cut with a garden var.
Benefits and contraindications
When cherry blossoms in the air, it’s the most tenderthe scent of her flowers. The fruits of this wonderful plant are not only juicy and tasty, but also useful. They contain a huge amount of minerals, plant fiber, folic acid, vitamins of group B and PP.
The presence of pectin and fiber in the berries saysabout the ability of cherries to normalize metabolic processes in the human body. The consumption of cherry berries is the prevention of cardiovascular diseases, lowers blood pressure, increases hemoglobin. Indispensable fruits during the diet, low calorie product will help lose a few pounds. If you make face masks from the pulp of cherry, the pores will become smaller and the skin will get a fresh look. Pedicels are used as a diuretic. The leaves are brewed and drunk like hypertonic tea. The property of decoctions from the leaves of herbs to normalize blood flow is used for increased bleeding. But not everyone can eat cherries. People who have an increased acidity of the stomach, ulcer, gastritis should better limit their intake of cherry berries.